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Oklahoma's Latest Farm and Ranch News
Your Update from Ron Hays of RON
Tuesday, January 19, 2016
a Commercial Layer Operation to Bird Flu Casualties in Indiana-
400,000 Birds Now Affected
state of Indiana's largest poultry producing county continues to be
ground zero of the largest outbreak of Avian Influenza- with a total
of 10 Dubois County locations in the process of being depopulated or
depopulation is complete.
The number of birds euthanized (or to be euthanized) as of Monday
morning was just over 240,000 turkeys- the current number this
morning has grown to just over 400,000, with a commercial layer
operation now inside the kill zone.
According to the Indiana State Board of Animal Health website, the
Dubois County location number 5 that showed a turkey population of
22,225 as infected and depopulated now has a related commercial layer
operation associated with it. Indiana is calling that location
5.2 with 156,000 commercial layers.
The website calls that location as one that has received
"dangerous contact" but "not infected."
However, it appears that officials have decided that those birds
could be a problem in keeping this strain of the virus going, so the
flock is in the process of being depopulated.
At this point- no H7N8 has been found outside of Dubois County.
Officials are saying it appears to be a North American originated
strain- which is not as dangerous as the Asian strain that caused
huge losses last year.
Click here for the webpage
showing the status of the ten locations within Dubois County where
the disease has been found.
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Cow-Calf Producers Should Maximize
Derrell Peel, Oklahoma State University Extension
Livestock Marketing Specialist, offers his economic analysis of the
beef cattle industry. This analysis is a part of the weekly series
known as the "Cow Calf Corner" published electronically by
Dr. Peel and Dr.
"Cow-calf production occurs across most of the
U.S. in a wide variety of production environments. I had a very
enjoyable opportunity to visit several ranches in southern Florida
last week and learn more about the challenges of cow-calf production
in one of the most unique production environments in the country.
Producers in this region are keenly aware of the need to match cattle
to the environment and of the tradeoffs between production targets
and costs of achieving those targets. Though perhaps not as obvious
in less extreme environments, the decision principles used by the
Florida producers are the same for cattle producers everywhere.
"It is easy for ranchers to focus on various production
attributes and get caught up maximizing technical measures of production
such as weaning weights, conception rates or stocking rates. However,
as those Florida producers are keenly aware, it is obvious that
maximizing narrow production measures will not be economical. For
example, attempting to maximize conception rates will result in
increasing cost to achieve the last increments of additional
conception. The correct approach is to optimize by increasing
conception rates until the value of the last percent of additional
conception is equal to the cost of achieving that level of
conception. In a more adverse environment such as southern Florida,
that optimal level of conception is likely to be lower than it would
be in more moderate situations. The need to optimize rather than
maximize applies to other production measures such as weaning
weights, stocking rates, and the rest. The biggest weaning weights or
highest calving percentages may provide coffee shop bragging rights
but it is usually a costly gloat."
2016 Oklahoma Youth Expo
Coming Soon to Oklahoma City
2016 edition of the Oklahoma
Youth Expo is less than 60 days away. OYE will be
held March 9 -
18 at the State Fair Park in Oklahoma City.
Exhibitors are getting their animals ready by participating in
jackpot livestock shows across the state. OYE Executive Director Tyler Norvell
said it's fun to hear how excited people are for this year's show.
"I think we're in a great spot," Norvell said. "I
think it will be our second best year ever in terms of the premium
sale and the scholarships given out and it's still very positive.
People still want to be involved with the program, even though
resources are tight and they let you know we're doing what people
want us to be doing."
I talked with Norvell about the 2016 OYE. Click
or tap here to listen to the full interview or to read more.
The 101st year of OYE will be held March 9 - 18 at the State Fair
Park in Oklahoma City. The Grand Champion Drive will be held on March
17th at State Fair Arena. The Sale of Champions will be held on March
18th at 4pm in State Fair Arena. Livestock entries are due by
February 19, 2016. Click or tap here for more
Producers Need to Ensure
Cows are Getting Proper Energy Requirements in Cold Weather
With the colder months in full swing, cattle producers
will need to be ready for challenges when it comes to managing your
beef cow herd. January and February often brings the most volatile
extremes in terms of cold weather with extended time periods of
excessively cold weather. Kansas
State Research and Extension beef systems specialist Justin Waggoner
talks about why cold weather can bring an increase in nutrient
requirements. As spring-calving herds are approaching the third
trimester or are already calving, Waggoner said that increases their
nutrient requirements and additional cold stress adds another layer.
Waggoner said it's important that you understand your cow's winter
tolerance. He says it relates to a benchmark called lower critical
temperature. Cold stress increases maintenance and energy
requirements for a cow in good condition. Waggoner said the energy
density in a ration needs to be increased by one percent for each
degree below the lower critical temperature. If a cow has a dry winter
coat, the lower critical temperature is right around freezing at 32
degrees. Once a cow grows a sufficient winter coat, he said cows can
withstand temperatures as low as 18 degrees before experiencing cold
Waggoner discusses some ways producers can make sure their cows are
getting the right supplementation for more energy, which is more
critical than protein when it comes to avoiding cold stress. He said
cold stress increases energy requirements, but it does not increase
protein or mineral requirements. With most operations on a low
quality forage, a dormant native grass or corn stalks, he said if
producers have a feed stuff, like hay, that is higher quality than
the forage base that the cows are on - to utilize that and maintain
the standard level of protein supplementation. Click
or tap here to
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And- their iPhone App, which provides all electronic futures quotes
is available at the App Store- click
here for the KIS Futures App for your
Microbes, Animals, Still
Living in Frozen Soils
Despite the frigid temperatures in northern climates,
the soil in your yard is still teeming with life. The Soil Science Society of
America (SSSA) January 15 Soils Matter blog post
explains that many microbes and other soil-dwelling life are still
active in winter.
a soil scientist, says, "soil is essential to life underground.
Soil protects plant roots, animals, and microbes from freezing in the
winter. As air temperatures drop below 320F (00C), water within the
top layers of the soil will eventually freeze. This is commonly known
as the frost layer."
Organic matter layer of dead and decomposing leaves, etc. (30 cm = 12
inches) above Alaskan "permafrost" provides insulation
throughout the colder months, as well as nutrients for plant life
during growing season. Click
or tap here to read more about the soil microbes - bacteria and
fungi that live in the soil year round.
to Have the Latest Energy News Delivered to Your Inbox Daily?
broadcast journalist Jerry
Bohnen has spent years learning and understanding how
to cover the energy business here in the southern plains- Click here to
subscribe to his daily update of top Energy News.
Examines Policy, Education and Economics of Antimicrobial Stewardship
Leaders in the veterinary and human health
communities, the livestock sector, consumer groups and federal and
state regulatory agencies will gather in Washington, D.C. on Jan.
20-21 to discuss policy, education and economic issues of the
stewardship of antimicrobial drug use in food animals.
The national summit, Antibiotic
Stewardship: Policy, Education and Economics, will convene at 1
p.m. Wednesday, Jan. 20, at the Hyatt Regency Capitol Hill, 400 New
Jersey Ave., NW, Washington, D.C. The summit continues through Thursday,
A collaboration of Farm Foundation, NFP, the Association of Public
and Land-grant Universities (APLU), the Association of American
Veterinary Medicine Colleges (AAVMC) and USDA's Economic Research
Service (ERS), the summit will highlight the diverse issues involved
in stewardship of antimicrobial drug use. The program is targeted to
livestock producers, feed suppliers, veterinarians, academics and
government agency staff. The summit is an opportunity to advance the
conversation on the industry's adaptation to the changing landscape
of antimicrobial drug use. A
full agenda of the summit is available. Click
or tap here to read more about this national summit.
Boxed Beef Prices Top
Out- Start a Seasonal Slide in the Latest Weekly Report from Ed
According to USDA Market News Reporter Ed Czerwein, based in
Amarillo, "the daily spot Choice boxed beef cutout ended the
week last Friday at $232.47, which was 27 cents higher compared to
previous week but it had been over $235 all week except on Friday when
it started to collapse. This daily spot Choice cutout had jumped $44
up to that $235 figure in a little less than three weeks. There were
573 loads sold for the week in the daily boxed beef cutout.
"The daily cutout has skyrocketed up since right before
Christmas as retailers made the big switch from hams and turkeys back
to beef which is normal seasonal change. However the decline that
began late last week is also a normal seasonal change that usually
runs until late in February."
Read more of Ed's regular weekly report- and listen to his commentary
as well by clicking
thanks to Midwest Farms Shows, P & K Equipment,
& Ranchers, Stillwater Milling Company, Oklahoma
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