~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Oklahoma's latest farm and ranch news
Your Update from Ron Hays of RON for Monday May 11, 2009A service of Producers Cooperative Oil Mill, Midwest Farm Shows and Johnston Enterprises!
-- Misnamed Flu Steals Profit from Hog Farmers
-- A View that the Kansas Wheat Crop Has Considerable Upside Potential
-- Lucas, Edwards, Carver Among Those Speaking Today in Canadian County
-- Also in Canadian County- Mark Hodges on PVP Issues
-- Cotton May Add Acres As the Crop to Follow Wheat in Southwestern Oklahoma
-- The Clem McSpadden Ag Complex
-- You Prosper When You Stick With Buying "Quality"
-- Let's Check the Markets!
Here's your morning farm news headlines from the Director of Farm Programming for the Radio Oklahoma Network, Ron Hays. It is wonderful to have as a regular sponsor on our daily email Johnston Enterprises- proud to be serving agriculture across Oklahoma and around the world since 1893. For more on Johnston Enterprises- click here for their website!
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AS WE FINISH WRITING THIS MORNING'S EMAIL- HEAVY RAINS ARE ROLLING ACROSS THE SOUTHERN TWO THIRDS OF OKLAHOMA- SO IF WE GET ANY WORD ON CHANGES IN EITHER THE WHEAT FIELD DAYS SCHEDULED FOR TODAY OR THE OALP GOLF TOURNAMENT- WE WILL HAVE THAT ON OUR WEBSITE ON OUR FRONT PAGE AS IT IS RECEIVED.
Misnamed Flu Steals Profit from Hog Farmers
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~There has been some recovery in the pork industry from the market fallout of the misnamed influenza that bubbled up from Mexico into the United States the last few days of April. It was first called Swine Flu, because it had DNA in it from previous strains of swine flu in it, along with smaller amounts of bird and human flu strains.
Quickly, there was fear in some quarters over this named virus, and with groups like the Humane Society of the US adding to the hysteria, foreign countries fanned the flames by banning pork product from the US, market prices dove fourteen to fifteen dollars on the Lean Hog futures and even as the Pork Industry and Government assured everyone that pigs had nothing to do with this disease, pork was (and is) safe- the damage to a fragile pork industry was done.
We talked on Friday morning with Roy Lee Lindsey of the Oklahoma Pork Council about this current economic and public relations mess for the hog industry- and the fact that some producers may not survive this latest hit to their bottom line.
Our audio interview with Roy Lee is one of our regular Perspectives Podcasts as found on our website, www.OklahomaFarmReport.Com. Click on the link below to jump there and take a listen to this update on the status of several key issues for the pork industry.
A View that the Kansas Wheat Crop Has Considerable Upside Potential
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Mike Schulte, Executive Director with the Oklahoma Wheat Commission, told us last week in his assessment of the Kansas Wheat Crop after being on the industry tour that was held over a three day period that he sees a thin stand that could face troubles pushing past a somewhat below average crop.
However, Gail Martell with the website Storm Exchange believes that the Kansas crop could yield a lot more than the 40.8 bushels per acre predicted the by consensus of the Wheat Tour participants. She sees a potential yield in the Sunflower state of 46 bushels per acre, adding "Wheat potential has been steadily improving on increasing spring rainfall and is following the same path as 2003, when the yield reached 48 bushels per acre."
She points out both the 2003 and 2009 crops were hurt by winter
drought, but "Copious spring rainfall rescued the 2003 crop from drought,
boosting yields during the important tillering and jointing stages.
Rainfall continued generous through the end of May, while wheat was
heading and filling kernels. Kansas rainfall in on the same improving
track this year, but drought-relieving rainfall arrived later in March,
arguing for a lower yield, compared with 2003. In addition, more rain is
needed in May to optimize yields, while kernels are filling. A 46 bushel
per acre yield is within reach, but has not yet been secured."
Lucas, Edwards, Carver Among Those Speaking Today in Canadian County
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~The annual Canadian County Wheat Field Day set for today at 10:00 a.m. has taken on added importance in light of this year's April freeze damage, wheat diseases and questions surrounding the 2008 Farm Bill sign up. Our field day will be at Bornemann Farms just east of Don's house, which is the same location where last year's field day was held. The guest speaker during lunch will be the top Republican on the House Ag Committee, Oklahoma's 3rd District Congressman Frank Lucas.
Also on the program today will be Dr. Jeff Edwards, OSU Small Grains
Specialist, who will be discussing our crop's condition, harvest outlook
statewide, First Hollow Stem and forage production data from Bornemann
Farm's OSU Replicated Wheat Variety Trial.
We will be covering the event today and will have several updates for you on our website, on the radio and here tomorrow morning on our daily email visit with you. Depending on cell phone coverage, we will offer a few Twitter updates live from the field day as well.
Also in Canadian County- Mark Hodges on PVP Issues
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Coffee shop talk is going around that maybe the Plant Variety Protection (PVP) Act's laws will be relaxed this fall because seed wheat could be in short supply due to April's freeze. However, the reality will be quite the opposite and expect PVP laws to be even more rigorously enforced than they were last year! Last year there were some significant fines levied and embarrassing cases of PVP violators being successfully prosecuted by the Kansas Wheat Alliance. Several Oklahoma cases made news headlines from Washita County ($25,000) and Okeene, OK ($35,000).
Mark Hodges, Executive Director of Oklahoma Genetics, Inc. will discuss the legalities of obtaining and planting PVP wheat varieties later today at the Canadian County Wheat Field Day. Mark has agreed to briefly highlight the PVP laws and answer questions folks have concerning what constitutes illegal violations. Oklahoma Genetics, Inc. (OGI) owns the rights to OKField, OK Bullet, Duster, Centerfield and Guymon. Kansas Wheat Alliance (KWA) owns Overly, Fuller, Jagger, Danby and RonL. Are you planting any of these varieties? Did you know that it is illegal to sell any seed of these varieties from fields which were not grown under the seed certification program? In other words, any PVP variety seed must be 'certified seed' or it is illegal to sell it.
It is time to become a member of OGI and KWA if you sell PVP wheat any
place other than the elevator! There are no gray areas in PVP and the laws
are not ambiguous. Ignorance of the laws have not and will not hold up in
a court of law, which was effectively proven by KWA last year. Mark has
just assumed the role as Executive Director of OGI and agreed to speak on
PVP at our field day. He wants to convey the message that wheat producers
need to comply with PVP for the good of the wheat industry. The only way
wheat producers are going to see new, improved varieties in the future
will be if royalties are collected as an incentive for new variety
Cotton May Add Acres As the Crop to Follow Wheat in Southwestern Oklahoma
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~We heard this past week from Mike Cassidy of Frederick that many farmers in southwestern Oklahoma that have had a failed wheat crop due to drought and the hard freeze may go a familiar route in southwestern Oklahoma- and that direction is cotton. However, there are several factors to consider first, according to Dr. J C Banks, Oklahoma State University Extension state cotton specialist. Farmers should check with their local Farm Services Agency office on rules for planting cotton behind failed wheat. These rules are complicated if insurance has been paid on the failed wheat. "Be aware of herbicides used in wheat weed control for the past two years," he said. "Some products have a 25 month rotation back to a broadleafed plant like cotton. Soil pH is important since carryover of some products is influenced by soil pH. Information is on the product label. Soil analysis for herbicides is expensive and takes a long time. The best way to test for presence of a carryover herbicide is to plant cotton in a small area and observe it for injury symptoms.
"Most of the common wheat herbicides that carry over will not affect germination of the cotton, but will start to show up on the first true leaves above the cotyledon leaves. Cotton injury symptoms for most commonly used wheat herbicides are a light green or pea green leaf color in the terminal of the plant, with some pink or red showing up on the veins on the leaf." Dr. Banks said chances of producing a good cotton crop are greatly enhanced if subsoil moisture is replenished. "At this time," he said, "we have had a very dry fall and winter and both topsoil and subsoil moisture are extremely low. We need at least five or six inches of rainfall over a period of time to allow it to soak in instead of run off. Planting on surface moisture alone is risky."
So far as fertilizer is concerned, he said, if the wheat had ample
fertilizer. or if it was top dressed, more fertilizer for cotton will
likely not be needed. If the wheat acreage has been well fertilized for
several years, he said, there might be enough nitrogen available below the
normal rooting area of the wheat to support cotton late in the season.
"Cotton has a tap root and will utilize deep nitrogen that is unavailable
to wheat," he said. "It is better to soil test. A one bale per acre cotton
crop will need about 60 pounds of actual nitrogen available. If the wheat
has been well fertilized, phosphorus and potassium will probably be
adequate." To plant cotton behind failed wheat, Dr. Banks said to use a
glyphosate herbicide to kill the wheat as soon as possible. In order to
conserve soil moisture, he cautioned against chiseling or disking the
ground to prepare the soil surface to plant cotton. "This will dry out the
soil to the depth of the plow layer," he said. "With our limited ground
cover, the cotton planter will likely not need to be modified with notill
attachments. Either plant without disturbing the soil or use the front
disks on the planter to clear out an area for the seedbed." With Roundup
Ready Flex cotton, Dr. Banks said, Roundup can provide weed control
throughout the growing season. If annual weeds and grasses are a problem,
Prowl H20 can be tank mixed with the Roundup in the preemergence or the
early postemergence stage of the cotton, he said.
The Clem McSpadden Ag Complex
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~The Oklahoma State Legislature will be voting today- this morning in the Senate and after lunch in the House- to request the Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Food, and Forestry name their complex the "Clem Rogers McSpadden Agricultural Complex" in honor of the former US Congressman, State Legislator, Worldwide Rodeo Announcer and as the joint resolution calls him "an ambassador and an advocate for Oklahoma agriculture, both in our state and around the world."
The resolution says that (as those who knew and loved him) Clem McSpadden loved life and lived it well. There is a partial listing of all of the many achievements of this country boy who made good- and did it with a style and grace that we could all learn from. The Joint Resolution has several authors, including Senator Ron Justice and State Reps Dale DeWitt and Don Armes.
We have the link below of the complete resolution- it makes for a good read about the life of this inspirational native son of Oklahoma. Click and remember Clem McSpadden.
You Prosper When You Stick With Buying "Quality"
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Dr. Michael Swanson, Ag Economist with Wells Fargo, says that the current economic mess that we find ourselves in is a recession- not the front end of a depression. He sees the economy turning in the second half of the year. And, this market watcher believes that agricultural prices will generally follow energy prices- especially corn as trending with crude oil. Swanson was a speaker at this past week's Oklahoma Grain and Feed Association annual meeting in Oklahoma City- we talked with him one on one after his presentation and he's our guest today on our Ag Perspectives Podcast that can be found by clicking the link below and jumping to our website, www.OklahomaFarmReport.Com
For our livestock producers, he worries about the relatively cheap prices for livestock versus the cost of inputs. He says we have to find a way to increase prices for the meat we produce to stop the red ink flowing in much of the livestock sector.
We also got some interesting advice from Swanson about how to operate in this economic environment- and that's where his comments about sticking with quality come in- he explains it better than I can write it- so go and take a listen. AND remember that we have several of our ag audio feeds set up as Podcasts that you can subscribe to through services like Itunes. Those reports include our daily morning farm and ranch news, our daily Beef Buzz and our periodic Ag Perspectives feature length interviews of key ag newsmakers.
Our thanks to Midwest Farm Shows, Producers Cooperative Oil Mill and Johnston Enterprises for their support of our daily Farm News Update. For your convenience, we have our sponsors' websites linked at the top of the email- check them out and let these folks know you appreciate the support of this daily email, as their sponsorship helps us keep this arriving in your inbox on a regular basis!
We also invite you to check out our website at the link below to check out an archive of these daily emails, audio reports and top farm news story links from around the globe.
Let's Check the Markets!
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Jerry Nine and the Woodward Livestock Auction sold 3,384 cattle this past Friday, with yearling steers $1 higher while steer calves were steady with a week ago. The five to six hundred pound steers sold $113 to $122.50 while the seven to eight hundred pound steers from $99 to 106.50. Click here for the complete Woodward auction report from May 8- it should be up on line from USDA Market News by around 8 AM Monday.
Here are some links we will leave in place on an ongoing basis- Click
on the name of the report to go to that link:
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