Important Crop Insurance Dates for Oklahoma Winter Canola ProducersWed, 14 Aug 2013 23:18:21 CDT
Oklahoma farmers intending to plant winter canola this fall should remember the following important dates for obtaining crop insurance sponsored by the USDA's Risk Management Agency.
Final date for obtaining winter canola crop insurance is August 31, 2013. To be eligible for crop insurance and to establish a good stand, winter canola should be planted between September 10 and October 10. Canola planted earlier in this 30 period usually gets off to a better start, according to research conducted by Oklahoma State University agronomists.
Production reporting deadline for the 2013-14 canola crop is 45 days after August 31. 2013.
More than 300,000 acres of winter canola were planted in Oklahoma in 2012, according to the Producers Cooperative Oil Mill in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma It is estimated over 300,000 acres of winter canola will be planted this fall.
The 2013 canola crop had good yields where sufficient rain fell. North of Interstate 40, canola yields ranged from 1,500 to more than 2,500 pounds per acre. Winter canola acreage in the Southern Plains has doubled each year since farmers started planting the crop a decade ago.
Current price paid for winter canola seed August 9, 2013, is $9.73 per bushel. Winter canola usually brings from $3 to $4 more bushel than winter wheat.
Winter canola was developed in the early 2000's by OSU agronomists seeking ways to combat perennial weeds growing in continuously winter wheat. Presence of the weed seed in winter wheat sold at grain terminals at harvest causes serious dockage on the price paid to farmers for their wheat crop. Continuously growing wheat in the same fields without rotating with a different crop caused a serious buildup of weeds like cheat and wild rye.
Dr. Tom Peeper, OSU emeritus agronomy professor, coordinating with Kansas State University agronomists, changed spring canola to a winter grown crop like winter wheat. Canola is an entirely different crop from wheat. It has a large taproot to reach down for existing soil moisture. The taproot also helps to break up compacted subsoil structure to give crops a better opportunity to become established after planting.
Acreage planted to winter canola has tripled in less than a decade in the Southern Plains states of Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas. Canola seed is small, black and contains up to 41 percent oil. It is an oilseed crop and is sought for production of nutritious cooking oil, biofuel production and animal feed.
Producers planting winter canola for the first time can contact PCOM for timely texts and emails concerning planting dates and rates, insect problems, crop management and harvesting methods. For more information on winter canola production, contact Gene Neuens, PCOM oilseed field representative at 405-232-7555. Neuens' cell number is 405-760-4205 and his email is firstname.lastname@example.org.
By Vic Schoonover, Producers Cooperative Oil Mill
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