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Agricultural News

Oklahoma Cotton Crop Lint Production Plummets from October to November as Dry Conditions Hurt Output

Mon, 10 Nov 2014 19:19:53 CST

Oklahoma Cotton Crop Lint Production Plummets from October to November as Dry Conditions Hurt Output Sorghum and Soybean acreage harvested in Oklahoma this fall show these two crops the most popular spring planted crops for 2014. In the November USDA Crop production report released on Monday, November 10, Uncle Sam shows farmers of these crops will harvest 330,000 acres each this year. The grain sorghum acres are up by sixty thousand acres compared to 2013, even as corn acres declined 40,000 acres over a year ago.

Grain sorghum production ended up, based on November first data, at 18.4 million bushels in Oklahoma on 56 bushels per acre production. Soybeans saw harvested acres down by five thousand acres compared to a year ago, with the yield virtually unchanged from 2013 with the 2014 crop coming in at thirty one bushels per acre. Total soybean production is tabulated at 10.23 million bushels.

Cotton acreage recovered a significant amount from 2013, with harvested cotton acres at 210,000 acres this year, up from 125,000 acres as drought really nailed the Oklahoma crop even harder last year than here in 2014. The disappointment for cotton was the fall off in lint production over the last thirty days- as total pounds of cotton that will be harvested this year, based on November first, versus October first is off by 126 pounds per acre- falling from 709 to 583 pounds of cotton lint per acre this fall. That pulls back what could have been double the crop of a year ago to just a crop that is sixty percent bigger than a year ago. Total cotton production for this year is projected to be 255,000 bales for the state, well above the 154,000 bales grown a year ago in Oklahoma.

The Peanut crop is largely unchanged from 2013, with 60.8 million pounds of goobers will be grown and harvested with compared to 59.2 million pounds in 2013.

The hard red winter wheat crop numbers for harvest back in June were left alone- showing 2014 wheat harvest at historic lows not seen since the 1950s. A lot of that was tied back to the 2.8 million acres harvested this year, six hundred thousand fewer acres harvested this year versus last. The final yield of 17 bushels per acre equated to just 47.6 million bushels produced this year, versus 105 million bushels the year before.

Nationally, Corn production is forecast at 14.4 billion bushels, down slightly from the previous forecast, but up 3 percent from 2013. Based on conditions as of November 1, yields are expected to average 173.4 bushels per acre, down 0.8 bushel from the previous forecast but 14.6 bushels above the 2013 average. If realized, this will be the highest yield and production on record for the United States. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 83.1 million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast but down 5 percent from 2013.

Soybean production is forecast at a record 3.96 billion bushels, up less than 1 percent from October and up 18 percent from last year. Based on November 1 conditions, yields are expected to average a record high 47.5 bushels per acre, up 0.4 bushel from last month and up 3.5 bushels from last year. Area for harvest in the United States is forecast at a record 83.4 million acres, unchanged from last month.

All cotton production is forecast at 16.4 million 480-pound bales, up less than 1 percent from last month and up 27 percent from last year. Yield is expected to average 797 pounds per harvested acre, down 24 pounds from last year. Upland cotton production is forecast at 15.8 million 480-pound bales, up 29 percent from 2013. Pima cotton production, forecast at 578,000 bales, was carried forward from last month.

Click here for the USDA November 2014 Crop Production Report from NASS at USDA.

The USDA also released the monthly WASDE report on Monday morning, which shows the monthly supply and demand numbers. Click here for that report.



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