Cotton and Sorghum Acres Predicted Higher in Oklahoma- Hog Inventory Up as USDA Issues Prospective Plantings and Quarterly Pig CountThu, 29 Mar 2018 17:08:15 CDT
Farmers across Oklahoma continue to search for the right mix of acres for their farm operation, as USDA releases their 2018 Prospective Plantings Report, showing nationally that the crop of choice has become soybeans, with the total acres expected to be devoted to soybeans across the country predicted at 89 million acres, while corn slips to the second most planted crop at 88 million acres. All wheat acres increased nationally in 2018 to 47 million acres, while cotton is the fourth most planted crop- rising in 2018 to 13.5 million acres.
In Oklahoma- winter wheat remains king- but wheat acres continue their long slide downward- sitting here in 2018 at 4.3 million acres, off another 200,000 acres from the planted total in 2017 of 4.5 million acres. The 2018 planted number is four percent under that of a year ago. Our wheat acres make Oklahoma the fifth largest wheat growing state- behind Kansas, North Dakota, Montana and Texas.
The Second largest crop by acres for 2018 becomes cotton, up 16% from last year's 585,000 acres to an USDA estimate of 680,000 acres here this spring. With a good growing season in 2017- Oklahoma had it's first million bale cotton crop since the 1930s, when we had several million acres of the crop planted. Cotton gins are still running hard and fast to get last year's crop ginned ahead of planting the 2018 crop.
Cotton was the third most planted crop a year ago- and jumped a spot ahead this year of soybeans, as USDA predicts thirteen percent fewer soybean acres this year as farmers tell the agency that they will plant 570,000 acres here in 2018.
Sorghum is a crop on the rise, after 2017 saw many farmers avoid milo over fears of the sugar cane aphid- breeding and agronomic practices have joined hands to push back on the pest- and Oklahoma producers are upping acres by 27% this year over last- with 400,000 acres in the state to be dedicated to grain sorghum.
Corn is another spring planted crop that is slipping in favor when it comes to spring planting choies- with 310,000 acres to be planted to corn this spring- down 40,000 acres from 2017 which is a decline of 11%.
The all hay prodution acres are included in the Prospective Plantings report- and total hay acres in Oklahoma are up this year versus 2017- at 3.1 million acres- four percent higher than a year ago. Oklahoma jumps to third place nationally in hay area- behind Texas and South Dakota. Oklahoma was fourth a year ago- flipping spots with Missouri here in 2018.
Click or tap here for the complete Prospective Plantings report.
USDA also released the Quarterly Hog and Pigs Report- and total hog inventory in Oklahoma moved slightly higher.
The March 1, 2018 Oklahoma hog and pig inventory, at 2.16 million head, was 3 percent higher than March 2017. The number of breeding hogs totaled 445 thousand head, unchanged from last year. The March 1 market hog inventory was up 4 percent from a year ago at 1.72 million head, 79 percent of the total hog and pig inventory.
The December 2017-February 2018 Oklahoma pig crop totaled 2.12 million head, 3 percent above last year. Pigs per litter averaged 10.6, up 3 percent from the previous year. Sows farrowed during December 2017 through February 2018 totaled 200 thousand head, unchanged from last year.
The Oklahoma Sow Herd is the sixth largest in the US- behind Iowa, North Carolina, Minnesota, Illinois and Missouri. The total hog inventory stands ninth in the US hog population count.
Click or tap here for the latest Hog and Pigs Report from USDA- and click or tap here for the southern plains hog inventory breakout- which offers details about the Oklahoma and Texas swine herd.
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