~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Oklahoma's latest farm and ranch news
Your Update from Ron Hays of RON for Monday August 18, 2008!A service of American Farmers & Ranchers, Johnston Enterprises and National Livestock Credit!
-- Another Mad Cow Case in Canada- Either #14 or #15 Depending on How You Count.
-- Congress Hits Back on USDA 10-Acre Rule Implementation
-- Can Legumes Replace Nitrogen fertilizer in Wheat Production?
-- Latest OSU Extension Newsletter Advocates Liming of Your Wheat Ground
-- USDA Awards Half-billion Dollars to Fund Water Projects in Towns Nationwide
-- National Sorghum Producers Not Happy that USDA Underestimates Grain Sorghum Production for 2008.
-- Speaking of Milo- We Report From Houston.
-- Looking at our Agricultural Markets...
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Another Mad Cow Case in Canada- Either #14 or #15 Depending on How You Count.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Canadian officials on Friday afternoon confirmed that country's 15th case of mad cow disease in a six year old beef cow that was born in Alberta well after the feed ban that apparently was ignored in Western Canada back in 1997. More than half of Canada's BSE cases have been born after 2000. Canada toughened their feed ban in July 2007, when regulators ordered that brains, spines and other high risk material from old cattle be removed at slaughter and destroyed. The contention by Canadian officials is that these stricter measures should totally eliminate the disease from their beef and dairy herds in a decade.
I mentioned that it depends on who is counting as to whether you get to 14 or 15 in Canada when it comes to total BSE cases. The discrepancy is that one of Canada's dairy cows found with BSE was discovered with the brain wasting disease in Washington state in December 2003, and is the famous "Cow that Stole Christmas" for US cattle industry interests. After that case in the US, we have found two other animals with BSE in the United States, both born in the USA.
Our friend Carla Everett of the Texas Animal Health Commission has
assembled a nice timeline of the BSE cases found in Canada- which you
might find of interest- here it is- Canada has had 1 imported case back in
1993 and 15 native-born cases since 2003.
Congress Hits Back on USDA 10-Acre Rule Implementation
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~A USDA plan to bar producers from aggregating acreage on their farms in order to receive farm payments under the 2008 Farm Bill has drawn a stern reaction from Members of Congress in both chambers and farm and commodity groups. Though the bill eliminated payments for producers with 10 or fewer acres, Members made clear in the manager's report accompanying the legislation that combined acreage would meet the test. Producers from around the country are now reporting back to farm groups that local Farm Service Agency (FSA) offices will not allow acre aggregation.
Last week, more than 50 Members in the House of Representatives wrote
Secretary of Agriculture Ed Schafer arguing that USDA's interpretation
goes against clear Congressional intent. This week, 25 Senators echoed
that message in their own letter to Schafer. Neither of Oklahoma's
Senators signed the letter- Kansas Senator Pat Roberts and Arkansas
Senator Blanch Lincoln both did sign.
The disagreement over the 10-acre rule is only one problem that has popped up as USDA begins to implement the 2008 Farm Bill. For instance, FSA is required to implement the new SURE program in the 2008 crop year and the new ACRE program for the 2009 crop year, though the agency does not have the IT infrastructure to do so nor funds to upgrade its systems. USDA also doesn't have expedited rulemaking authority, without which it is required to go through the full regulatory process, which could take many months.
Can Legumes Replace Nitrogen fertilizer in Wheat Production?
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~As nitrogen fertilizer price continue to go sharply higher, wheat producers are looking for relief from fertilizer bills. One solution being looked at in Canadian County is renewable, natural sources of nitrogen provided through a legume cover crop following wheat harvest. A field day to look at these possibilities is set for tomorrow outside of Union City.
Dr. Chad Godsey, OSU Extension Crop Specialist, wrote a SARE Grant in which Canadian County wheat producer Lawrence Lagaly agreed to be the cooperating partner. Four different legumes (guar, mungbeans, cowpeas and soybeans) were planted back on June 13th in Lawrence's no-till wheat field he harvested with a stripper header. This legume plot work is a replicated, on-farm case study to determine if any of these legumes yield significant amounts of nitrogen prior to being burned down. Following the field day on August 19th, the researchers will to burn the legumes down after 68 days of growth.
Prior to Lawrence planting his wheat this fall, he will establish nitrogen rich strips to evaluate exactly how much nitrogen each legume returned to the soil after burn down. Since there was excellent establishment and growth of all four legumes, this study should yield some interesting data. Canadian County Agent Brad Tipton reminds one and all that "our field day will be held on August 19th and the location is just north of Union City on SW 59th, one mile east of Highway 81 at the intersection of SW 59th and Alfadale Road. Plots are in the field located on the northwest corner of this intersection. In order to beat the heat, the field day will start at 9:00 am and last less than one hour. Refreshments will be served and no RSVP is necessary. OSU Extension Specialists scheduled to speak at the field day include Dr. Chad Godsey, Dr. Jeff Edwards, OSU Small Grains Specialist and Dr. Randy Taylor, OSU Ag Engineering and Biomachinery Specialist."
Latest OSU Extension Newsletter Advocates Liming of Your Wheat Ground
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~The latest OSU Plant and Soil Science Department Newsletter is out and it includes articles on the following: Lime pays on acid soils because Low soil pH can cost you forage and grain yield. Dr. Zhang outlines how much low soil pH can impact your bottom line and shows how lime pays for itself rapidly.
Wheat Profitability: Play it safe with nitrogen reference strips Soil tests are still crucial to evaluate phosphorus availability and pH, but take a look at Dr. Arnall's article on how to fine-tune your nitrogen applications using reference strips.
There is also a followup article of some material that we provided you
last week on planting date and seed treatment effects on wheat diseases
and insect pests offered by Dr. Bob Hunger.
USDA Awards Half-billion Dollars to Fund Water Projects in Towns Nationwide
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~Agriculture Secretary Ed Schafer announced Friday the award of $547 million in loans and grants to provide safe drinking water and improved wastewater treatment systems for rural towns and communities. "A majority of these half-billion dollars for investment in rural water systems is the result of USDA moving the 2008 farm bill funding out to communities in a timely manner," Schafer said during a visit to the USDA Service Center here today. "Maintaining quality of rural life with safe and reliable water systems is vital to the health of the surrounding agricultural community."
Three projects that total $6.2 million are located in Oklahoma. Those projects include Bryan County Rural Water Sewer & SWM District No. 2 receiving a loan for $416,750; Rogers Rural Water District No. 3 also receiving a loan for $1,000,000; and Washington Rural Water District No. 3 qualifying for a loan for $4,800,000. No grants were awarded in Oklahoma.
To see the complete list of projects that received these monies- we have the link below provided by USDA.
National Sorghum Producers Not Happy that USDA Underestimates Grain Sorghum Production for 2008.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~The World Ag Supply and Demand Estimate report out this past week made the following projection for sorghum:
"The first survey-based forecast for 2008/09 sorghum production is 410 million bushels, down 10 million from last month's projection. Projected exports for 2007/08 are lowered 30 million bushels with increased sorghum production in Mexico and reduced imports in the EU-27 from larger supplies of feed grains and feed quality wheat. The season-average farm price is projected at $4.40 to $5.40 per bushel, down 70 cents per bushel on both ends of the range."
However, based on National Sorghum Producers Association discussions with seed companies and farmers, this projection seems low. Seed companies saw increases in seed sales this year and NSP estimates perhaps a million acres of sorghum were planted in Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas in late June and the first half of July. With first harvest over in South Texas and with harvest yet to begin farther north, true numbers remain to be seen but will likely be much higher than USDA predictions.
It does seen odd that so many Oklahoma producers reported coming back in after wheat this year with short season grain sorghum varieties- yet the August grain sorghum production number for Oklahoma was slightly less than the 2007 production. As the National Sorghum Producers are saying, it is very possible that number could easily move above 2007 production as harvest in our state arrives later in the summer/early fall.
Speaking of Milo- We Report From Houston.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~We will be heading for Houston later today- as we will be covering the opening day of the International Symposium on Sorghum as a Biofuel. We have details on this meeting as a part of our calendar on our website, www.okakhomafarmreport.com. We have the calendar page linked below- scroll to the August 19th date and you can get more details on this sorghum event- as well as the many other ag and rural events that are a part of this week's scene.
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Looking at our Agricultural Markets...
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~It was an excellent run this past Friday at the Woodward Livestock Market, as 8,811 cattle were sold. Most of the steer yearlings were steady to a dollar higher than a week earlier, with seven to eight hundred pound steers ranging $112 to $117.25, while the eight to nine hundred pounders commanding $109 to $113.50. Here's the link for the full Woodward report- it should be updated with the sale of August 15 sometime after 8 AM central on Monday.
Here are some links we will leave in place on an ongoing basis- Click
on the name of the report to go to that link:
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