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Agricultural News


Weekly Harvest Report for May 21, 2021 Shows Harvest Slow in Texas and Continues across the States

Fri, 21 May 2021 12:44:47 CDT

Weekly Harvest Report for May 21, 2021 Shows Harvest Slow in Texas and Continues across the States Weekly Harvest Report for May 21st from US Wheat Associates:

Welcome to the second Harvest Report for the 2021/22 U.S. wheat crop. Hard red winter (HRW) harvest continued slowly in Texas, while 10% of Louisiana’s SRW harvest is complete. Samples of HRW and SRW will begin arriving in the coming weeks; initial grade and crop quality data should be available early to mid-June

HARD RED WINTER

• Crop progress: Cooler temperatures and rain held back significant HRW harvest progress this week. USDA’s survey puts
the Texas harvest at 10% as of May 16. Across the country, an estimated 53% of the crop is headed and development is
running behind average.
• Crop Conditions: USDA estimates 48% of the HRW wheat crop is in good to excellent condition. The Wheat Quality
Council’s Hard Winter Wheat Tour estimated Kansas yield potential at 58.1 bu/acre … a big crop if realized.
• Weather: Temperatures across much of the growing region will stay cool, but rain chances in the dry northern areas are
low.
• Disease/Pest Pressures: The Wheat Quality Council tour this week noted stripe rust and some wheat streak mosaic in
Kansas fields. Disease pressure remains low in the growing region’s drier areas.

SOFT RED WINTER

• Crop progress: Harvest has started in Louisiana and heading is over 80% in many parts of the region.
• Crop Conditions: Farmers in SRW states say most of the crop looks very good; USDA’s survey pegs most of the crop
in good to excellent condition.
• Weather: Warmer, drier weather is expected and will push crop progress. The only significant drought is in
Michigan, North Carolina, and far southern Virginia.

SOFT WHITE

• Crop progress: Heading remains behind the 5-year average in the Pacific Northwest. Spring SW planting is almost
complete earlier than the 5-year average in Idaho and Washington with most of the spring crop emerged.
• Crop Conditions: Overall, the PNW crop is drought-stressed with some areas in better condition. The percent of the total
PNW crop in good to excellent condition has declined significantly in the last 6 weeks. Washington’s crop at 56% good to
excellent leads the way.
• Weather: Temperatures widely varied the last week. All three PNW states are in moderate to severe drought, with
pockets of extreme drought

HARD RED SPRING

• Crop progress: HRS planting progress was good this week with Minnesota 99% planted, South Dakota 97%, Montana 71%,
and North Dakota 84%. Emergence is ahead of the 5-year average with Minnesota 84% emerged, South Dakota 76% and
Montana and North Dakota each at about 35%.
• Weather: After 90°F temperatures May 14, snow was falling in Montana’s Golden Triangle on May 20. The late spring
changes provided spotty rain, but most of the HRS production region stayed in severe to extreme drought. Industry
representatives in Montana were a bit more optimistic. Official HRS crop condition reports are not yet available.

GENERAL CROP CONDITION DEFINITIONS

• Very Poor – Extreme degree of loss to yield potential, complete or near crop failure.
• Poor – Heavy degree of loss of yield potential which can be caused by excess soil moisture, drought, disease, etc.
• Fair – Less than normal crop condition. Yield loss is a possibility, but the extent is unknown.
• Good – Yield prospects are normal or above normal. Moisture levels are adequate with only light disease and insect
damage.
• Excellent – Yield prospects are above normal, and crops are experiencing little or no stress.

TOP AND SUB-SOIL MOISTURE DEFINITIONS (WITH TOP-SOIL DEFINED AS THE TOP 6 INCHES):

• Very Short – Soil moisture supplies are significantly less than what is required for normal plant development.
Growth has been stopped or nearly so and plants are showing visible signs of moisture stress. Under these
conditions, plants will quickly suffer irreparable damage.
• Short – Soil dry. Seed germination and/or normal crop growth and development would be curtailed.
• Adequate – Soil moist. Seed germination and/or crop growth and development would be normal or unhindered.
• Surplus – Soil wet. Fields may be muddy and will generally be unable to absorb additional moisture. Young
developing crops may be yellowing from excess moisture


   

 

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