Oklahoma Farm Report masthead graphic with wheat on the left and cattle on the right.
Howdy Neighbors!
Ron Hays, Director of Farm and Ranch Programming, Radio Oklahoma Ag Network  |  2401 Exchange Ave, Suite F, Oklahoma City, Ok 73108  |  (405) 601-9211


Agricultural News

Cattle Slaughter Continues Increasing in 2017, But at Slower Pace Compared to Last Year's Numbers

Mon, 07 Aug 2017 10:14:29 CDT

Cattle Slaughter Continues Increasing in 2017, But at Slower Pace Compared to Last Year's Numbers Mondays, Dr. Derrell Peel, Oklahoma State University Extension Livestock Marketing Specialist, offers his economic analysis of the beef cattle industry. This analysis is a part of the weekly series known as the "Cow Calf Corner" published electronically by Dr. Peel and Dr. Glenn Selk. Today, Dr. Peel takes a look at the moderately increasing slaughter numbers of the cattle industry in 2017.

"Total cattle slaughter is up 5.9 percent year over year for the year to date. This follows a 6.4 percent year over year increase in 2016. However, steer slaughter (which makes up more than half of cattle slaughter) is growing more slowly in 2017 and is up 3.5 percent so far this year compared to 2016. The year to date increase is declining as weekly steer slaughter has averaged just 1.1 percent year over year increases since late April. Steer slaughter peaked seasonally in June and will trend lower week to week for the remainder of the year. On July 1, the number of steers in feedlots was 1.4 percent above last year and is projected to keep steer slaughter growth relatively low for the remainder of the year. Total annual steer slaughter may be limited to less than a two percent year over year increase in 2017.

"Heifer slaughter is up 10.5 percent so far in 2017. This compares to a 4.7 percent year over year increase in 2016. The July 1 heifer on feed inventory was 10.6 percent higher than one year earlier. Heifer slaughter is likely to remain elevated for the rest of 2017. Increased heifer slaughter and heifer on-feed inventories likely indicate a slower pace of heifer retention in 2017. However, average steer to heifer slaughter ratios are still very large compared to historical averages. It will be some months before heifer slaughter increases to typical levels compared to steer slaughter. Seasonally, heifer slaughter decreases from a spring peak to lower summer levels before increasing slightly through the third quarter.

"So far in 2017, beef cow slaughter is running 10.4 percent above 2016 levels. This follows a 13.7 percent year over year increase in 2016. Although increased beef cow slaughter is consistent with slower herd growth, it does not indicate herd liquidation or even zero herd growth. If beef cow slaughter continues at the current pace (as projected) through the end of the year, net culling for the beef herd will still be under nine percent and less than the long term average culling rate. The sharp increase in beef cow slaughter in 2016 and 2017 is mostly the result of very low culling during herd expansion since 2014. More cows in the herd plus previously delayed culling means that a substantial increase in beef cow slaughter is inevitable. By 2018, herd culling rates may return to typical levels. Beef cow slaughter typically increases sharply in the fourth quarter to a seasonal peak but is projected to maintain the current year over year levels for the remainder of the year. Dairy cow slaughter has increased recently bringing the current year to date level up to 3.0 percent above last year. This follows a 1.0 percent year over year decrease in 2016.

"Total cattle slaughter in 2017 is projected to increase 4.5 to 5.0 percent year over year. Cattle slaughter will likely increase another 3.5 to 4.0 percent in 2018 with larger feeder supplies; less heifer retention; and increased cow culling all pushing slaughter higher through 2018."



WebReadyTM Powered by WireReady® NSI


Top Agricultural News

  • Oklahoma Grain Elevator Cash Bids as of 2:00 p.m. Wednesday, May 23, 2018  Wed, 23 May 2018 15:26:30 CDT
  • OK Cattlemen Join in Applause of Transporting Livestock Across America Safely Act's Introduction  Wed, 23 May 2018 15:21:01 CDT
  • NCBA Applauds Introduction of Legislation Addressing Hours of Service Edits for Livestock Haulers  Wed, 23 May 2018 15:04:28 CDT
  • EPA Announces Assistance for Delaware Nation in Oklahoma to Support Community Revitalization  Wed, 23 May 2018 15:00:08 CDT
  • Wednesday Afternoon Market Wrap-Up with Carson Horn   Wed, 23 May 2018 13:53:47 CDT
  • FSA County Committee Nominations to Launch June 15th - Here's What You Need to Know  Wed, 23 May 2018 13:03:06 CDT
  • Showing Swine this Year? State Vet Rod Hall Advises Exhibitors on Proper Ear-Tagging Procedures  Wed, 23 May 2018 12:33:08 CDT
  • OCA's Top Hand Michael Kelsey Catches Up on a Busy Year Talking Wildfire, Convention and Policy  Wed, 23 May 2018 11:35:56 CDT

  • More Headlines...


    Ron salutes our daily email sponsors!

    Livestock Exchange Oklahoma Ag Credit Oklahoma Farm Bureau National Livestock Credit P&K Equipment Stillwater Milling American Farmers & Ranchers KIS FUTURES, INC. Oklahoma Cattlemen's Association Oklahoma City Farm Show

    Search OklahomaFarmReport.com

    Find more about Weather in Oklahoma City, OK

    © 2008-2018 Oklahoma Farm Report
    Email Ron   |   Newsletter Signup   |    Current Spots   |    Program Links

    WebReady powered by WireReady® Inc.