Oklahoma Farm Report masthead graphic with wheat on the left and cattle on the right.
Howdy Neighbors!
Ron Hays, Director of Farm and Ranch Programming, Radio Oklahoma Ag Network  |  2401 Exchange Ave, Suite F, Oklahoma City, Ok 73108  |  (405) 601-9211


Agricultural News

When Culling Time Comes Remember Wild Cattle are Hard to Manage and Hard on Your Bottom Line

Tue, 19 Sep 2017 11:06:57 CDT

When Culling Time Comes Remember Wild Cattle are Hard to Manage and Hard on Your Bottom Line Dr. Glenn Selk, Oklahoma State University Emeritus Extension Animal Scientist, offers herd health advice as part of the weekly series known as the "Cow Calf Corner" published electronically by Dr. Peel and Dr. Glenn Selk. Today, Dr. Selk attempts to persuade producers to strongly consider temperament when making culling decisions in their herd, asserting that ill-tempered cattle can adversely affect profitability.

"October is a traditional weaning and culling time for spring-calving herds.   Weaning for value-added calf sales is already underway. This is a time when producers decide which cows no longer are helpful to the operation and which heifer calves will be kept for future replacements. Selecting against ill-tempered cattle has always made good sense. Wild cattle are hard on equipment, people, other cattle, and now we know that they are hard on the bottom line.

"Mississippi State University researchers (Vann and co-workers. 2006. Southern Section of American Society of Animal Science) used a total of 210 feeder cattle consigned by 19 producers in a 'Farm to Feedlot' program to evaluate the effect of temperament on performance, carcass characteristics, and net profit. Temperament was scored on a 1 to 5 scale (1=nonaggressive, docile; 5=very aggressive, excitable). Three measurements were used: pen score, chute score, and exit velocity. Measurements were taken on the day of shipment to the feedlot. Exit velocity is an evaluation of temperament that is made electronically by measuring the speed at which the animal leaves the confinement of the chute. Exit velocity and pen scores were highly correlated. As pen scores increased, so did exit velocity. As pen score and exit velocity increased, health treatments costs and number of days treated increased, while average daily gain and final body weight decreased.    This outcome makes perfect sense. Other studies have shown that excitable temperament can diminish immune responsiveness, with more temperamental calves having a reduced response to vaccination when compared with calm calves.

"In the Mississippi study, as pen temperament score increased, net profit per head tended to decline. Pen temperament scores and net profits per head were as follows: 1=$121.89; 2=$100.98; 3=$107.18; 4=$83.75; 5=$80.81. Although feed and cattle price relationships have changed since this data was collected, one would expect similar impacts from the temperaments of cattle under today’s economic situation.

“'Heritability' is the portion of the differences in a trait that can be attributed to genetics. The heritability of temperament in beef cattle has been estimated to range from 0.36 to 0.45. This moderate level of heritability indicates that real progress can be made by selecting against wild cattle. Whether we are marketing our calf crop at weaning or retaining ownership throughout the feedlot phase, wild, excitable cattle are expensive to own and raise."



WebReadyTM Powered by WireReady® NSI


Top Agricultural News

  • House Ag Committee Chairman Mike Conaway Defends His SNAP Reforms and Talks Farm Bill With Ron Hays  Sat, 24 Mar 2018 12:22:32
  • Friday Market Wrap-Up with Justin Lewis  Fri, 23 Mar 2018 15:17:50 CDT
  • Oklahoma Grain Elevator Cash Bids as of 2:00 p.m. Friday, March 23, 2018  Fri, 23 Mar 2018 14:54:32 CDT
  • National Assocation of Conservation Districts Applaud Conservation Provisions in Omnibus Package  Fri, 23 Mar 2018 14:37:04 CDT
  • Friday Afternoon Market Wrap-Up with Carson Horn  Fri, 23 Mar 2018 14:25:43 CDT
  • Checkoff Scientists Successfully Collaborate with McDonald's to Create New Dairy-Focused Offerings  Fri, 23 Mar 2018 13:51:35 CDT
  • USMEF Warns of Potential Impact to American Ag Industry if China Pursues Retaliation on US Pork  Fri, 23 Mar 2018 13:38:32 CDT
  • Pork Industry Alarmed over Harm to Rural Economy Posed by China's Retaliation on US Pork Exports  Fri, 23 Mar 2018 13:33:13 CDT

  • More Headlines...


    Ron salutes our daily email sponsors!

    Livestock Exchange Oklahoma Ag Credit Oklahoma Farm Bureau National Livestock Credit P&K Equipment Stillwater Milling American Farmers & Ranchers KIS FUTURES, INC. Oklahoma Cattlemen's Association Oklahoma City Farm Show

    Search OklahomaFarmReport.com

    Find more about Weather in Oklahoma City, OK

    © 2008-2018 Oklahoma Farm Report
    Email Ron   |   Newsletter Signup   |    Current Spots   |    Program Links

    WebReady powered by WireReady® Inc.