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Agricultural News

Oklahoma Cotton Production Jumps Seven Percent From September in Latest Crop Production Report- A Review Across All Crops

Fri, 11 Oct 2019 04:33:25 CDT

Oklahoma Cotton Production Jumps Seven Percent From September in Latest Crop Production Report- A Review Across All Crops The USDA released its October Row Crop harvested and production forecasts on Thursday based on a survey of approximately 1,400 Texas and Oklahoma growers conducted by the Southern Plains Regional Field Office. Data provided by Oklahoma and Texas operators serves as foundational estimates for the Southern Plains region. The survey found that October numbers, compared to September, are up for cotton, corn and soybeans while sorghum numbers remained steady in Oklahoma. Nationally, production of cotton, corn and soybeans all were slightly under the September production estimates.

Most notably, Oklahoma Upland Cotton production totaled 840 thousand bales, 23 percent higher than 2018. Yield averaged 701 pounds per acre, compared with 595 pounds last year. Acreage harvested, at 575 thousand acres, is up 5 percent from last year. During September, USDA had pegged the Oklahoma cotton crop at 780,000 bales. Nationally, based on conditions as of October 1, yields are expected to average 833 pounds per harvested acre, down 6 pounds from the previous forecast and down 31 pounds from 2018. Upland cotton production is forecast at 21.0 million 480-pound bales, down 1 percent from the previous forecast but up 19 percent from 2018.

Oklahoma corn production totaled 46.2 million bushels, up 23 percent from the previous year. Statewide yields averaged 142 bushels per acre, 8 bushels higher than 2018. Acres harvested for grain, at 325 thousand, are up 16 percent from last year. Only 44,000,000 bushels of corn were reported in the September report. The US Corn Crop yield actually edged two tenths of a bushel this month versus last at 168.4 bushels per acre- they cut harvested acres by a couple of hundred thousand acres to 81.8 million acres for a production of 13.779 billion bushels.

Oklahoma soybean production is forecast at 12.3 million bushels, down 27 percent from last year. Yield is expected to average 28 bushels per acre, compared with 28 bushels in 2018. Harvested acreage, at 440 thousand acres, is 27 percent lower than last year. In September, USDA projected just 11,180,000 bushels of soybeans. Nationally, USDA lowered yield by a full bushel to 46.9 bushels per acre with a total production as of October first at 3.55 billion bushels.

Oklahoma sorghum production totaled 14.0 million bushels, up 17 percent from last year. Yield averaged 52 bushels per acre, up 2 bushels from the previous year. Acres harvested, at 270 thousand acres, are 13 percent higher than 2018. This is near unchanged to the 14,045,000 bushels of sorghum reported in September.

USDA also reported on several other crops of interest to Oklahoma producers- Winter Canola production was reported this month- showing that Oklahoma farmers harvested just 21,000 acres earlier this year- compared to 53,000 acres a year ago- yields rebounded to 1,480 pounds an acre for a yield of 29.6 million pounds. The crop was far smaller than expected and hoped for at planting time a year ago as producers were shut out of planting many fields in the short planting window we have for canola in Oklahoma(just thirty days) due to wet conditions.

USDA also provided a Pecan production report for 2019 in October- with the top five production states being New Mexico, Georgia, Texas, Arizona and Oklahoma. Oklahoma actually produces the majority of "native" pecans, with the 2019 crop expected to triple 2018 production- 2019 native Pecan production will be 18 million pounds in Oklahoma and with limited improved production in the state- pushes the overall Oklahoma pecan crop to 23 million pounds. New Mexico, the number one state in Pecan production, has all improved variety trees and will produce 97 million pounds in 2019.

Peanut and Hay numbers nationally and for Oklahoma are also available in this October report.

Click here to view the full USDA Crop Production report released this week by NASS.



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