Dry Weather Shrinks the Expected Oklahoma Cotton Crop by Nineteen Percent in October USDA Crop ReportMon, 12 Oct 2020 05:47:03 CDT
Lack of rainfall has resulted in a nineteen percent reduction in the cotton crop estimate for Oklahoma farmers in the latest USDA Crop Production Report released on Friday- based on October first data. USDA still expects to see Oklahoma farmers harvest 460,000 acres of cotton in 2020- but dropped the yield from 939 pounds of lint to 762 pounds per acre from September to October- resulting in a 730,000 bale crop estimate in October. That's still higher than the final production number of 659,000 bales achieved in 2019. That 762,000 bale estimate, if realized, would make Oklahoma the sixth largest crop on a state by state basis in 2020. Nationally, the 2020 Upland Cotton Crop estimate remained at 16.5 million bales compared to a month ago.
The state is also typically top ten in the production of hay other than alfalfa- and in 2020 our rank is the fourth largest hay crop in the US- behind Texas, Missouri and Kentucky. The Oklahoma hay crop is expected to be 4,590,000 tons in 2020 versus a 2019 crop that totalled 5,320,000 tons.
Even as the number of acres have grown in Oklahoma for soybeans- the state remains a minor producer of the crop. For 2020- USDA predicts that Oklahoma farmers will harvest 530,000 acres compared to 440,000 acres in 2019- with a yield of 29 bushels per acre- the 2020 Oklaoma soybean crop will be twenty percent larger than in 2019 at 15,370,000 bushels.The 2020 corn harvest in OKlahoma will be a couple of million bushels under the 2019 crop at 43,200,000. The 2020 sorghum crop is predicted to top out at 10,710,000 bushels versus 13,260,000 in 2019.
The October report also included numbers for the 2020 Pecan crop in the United States, which is larger nationally in 2020 because of a much better harvest expected in Georgia- which is easily the largest Pecan producing state in the United States. The Oklahoma crop is much smaller in 2020 versus 2019 with only 9,100,000 pounds expected this year versus a 21 million pound crop in 2019.
Finally- one crop that was reported in October that once had huge promise for Oklahoma wheat farmers as a rotational crop was canola. Much of the canola crop in the United States is spring planted- but the canola that was being promoted by land grant and private interests in Oklahoma a littler over a decade ago was being planted in the fall and then harvested in June- on about the same schedule as winter wheat. It was touted as being a way to help break weed cycles. However, farmers who tried it have mostly abandoned it in the 2019-2020 cycle in both Oklahoma and Kansas. After harvested 21,000 acres in 2019(far below the harvested acres seen a few years back), Oklahoma farmers only harvested 8,000 acres in 2020 with a production of 12,240,000 pounds versus the 29 million pounds of last year. Kansas has also moved away from the crop- harvesting only 3,000 acres this year versus 19,000 acres in 2019 resulting in just 5,730,000 pounds. In contrast- North Dakota is expected to harvest a 1.5 million acre crop that will produce 2,690,400,000 pounds.
You can view the entire USDA Crop Production report for 2020 by clicking or tapping here.
WebReadyTM Powered by WireReady® NSI
Top Agricultural News