USDA Shifts Focus From Fall Harvest To Winter Wheat Crop Condition And Soil Moisture Levels in Latest Crop Progress ReportMon, 23 Nov 2020 17:25:25 CST
With only a couple of major crops left in the field to harvest, the USDA’s latest Crop Progress report is shifting it’s focus to winter wheat and soil moisture levels.
Corn and soybean harvests are basically complete leaving cotton, grain sorghum and peanuts still in the field.
In the 15 major cotton production states, harvest is 77 percent complete, six points ahead of normal for this time of year.
Kansas (51 percent) and Virginia (49 percent) are the only two states left with significant acres left to harvest. All other states are 64 percent or more complete.
Grain sorghum harvest is 97 percent complete, which is five points ahead of the average for this date.
Oklahoma, at 93 percent complete, lags behind other cotton states.
In the 8 major peanut producing states, harvest is 93 percent complete, which is right at the normal mark.
The country’s winter wheat planting is basically complete with 89 percent emerged.
The wheat crop is rated 43 percent good to excellent (46 percent last week), 36 percent fair and 21 percent poor to very poor.
With 43 percent of the crop rated poor to very poor, Colorado wheat producers have the most concern, followed closely by Texas at 38 percent in that category.
The nation’s topsoil moisture numbers are mostly unchanged from last week with 4 percent surplus, 54 percent adequate, 28 percent short and 14 percent very short.
Same story for the subsoil moisture numbers at 4 percent surplus, 50 percent adequate, 30 percent short and 16 percent very short.
Click here to view the national crop progress report.
For Oklahoma, winter wheat emerged reached 92 percent, up 1 point from the previous year and up 1 point from normal.
The Oklahoma wheat crop is rated 48 percent good to excellent, 38 percent fair and 14 percent poor to very poor.
Canola emerged reached 90 percent, up 30 points from the previous year and up 3 points from normal.
The canola crop is rated 47 percent good and 53 percent fair.
Oklahoma grain sorghum harvest reached 93 percent, unchanged from the previous year but up 1 point from normal.
Soybeans harvest reached 72 percent, unchanged from the previous year but down 7 points from normal.
Oklahoma peanuts harvested reached 95 percent, up 6 points from the previous year and up 6 points from normal.
Cotton harvest reached 70 percent, unchanged from the previous year but up 3 points from normal.
The fifth cutting of alfalfa hay reached 54 percent, up 54 points from the previous year and up 14 points from normal.
The third cutting of other hay reached 73 percent, down 6 points from the previous year but unchanged from normal.
The fourth cutting of other hay reached 45 percent, up 11 points from the previous year but down 9 points from normal.
Oklahoma pasture and range conditions were rated at 19 percent good to excellent, 42 percent fair and 39 percent poor to very poor.
Oklahoma topsoil moisture is 1 percent surplus, 58 percent adequate (6-point drop from last week), 35 percent short and 6 percent very short.
Subsoil moisture is rated 1 percent surplus, 55 percent adequate (5-point drop from last week), 40 percent short and 4 percent very short.
To view the Oklahoma crop report, click here.
For Kansas, the winter wheat crop condition is rated 29 percent good to excellent, 45 percent fair and 26 percent poor to very poor.
Winter wheat emerged was 92 percent, near the 88 percent mark from last year and 91 percent for the five-year average.
Kansas grain sorghum harvest was 95 percent complete, near 96 percent last year and 91 percent average.
Cotton harvest was 51 percent, behind the 58 percent mark of last year, and near the 52 percent average.
Sunflowers harvested was 95 percent, near 93 percent last year, and ahead of the 88 percent average.
Kansas pasture and range conditions are rated 23 percent good to excellent, 38 percent fair and 39 percent poor to very poor.
To view the Kansas report, click here.
For Texas, winter wheat fields needed moisture in many areas of the state, as soil moisture continued to decline.
Irrigated fields in the Northern High Plains continued to emerge and establish good stands.
The Texas wheat crop condition was rated 24 percent good to excellent, 38 percent fair and 38 percent poor to very poor.
The Texas cotton harvest continued in areas of the Northern High Plains, the Low Plains, and the Edwards Plateau.
High winds delayed harvest in areas of the Northern High Plains.
Abandoned acres were being plowed under in areas of the Southern High Plains due to lingering dry conditions.
Peanut harvest continued in South Texas and completion was expected soon.
Texas citrus continued to mature with some varieties nearing harvest in areas of the Lower Valley while in other areas of the district harvest had begun.
Supplemental feeding continued in most areas of the state. Stock tank levels continued to decline in some areas of the Cross Timbers, the Blacklands, and South Texas.
Feral hogs continued to be a problem in areas of North East Texas and the Cross Timbers.
Texas topsoil moisture was rated 7 percent surplus, 24 percent adequate, 44 percent short and 25 percent very short.
Texas subsoil moisture was rated 7 percent surplus, 25 percent adequate, 44 percent short and 24 percent very short.
To view the Texas crop report, click here.
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