Fall Harvest Wraps Up And Winter Wheat Crop Condition Improves as USDA Issues Last Crop Progress Report For 2020Mon, 30 Nov 2020 16:16:53 CST
As the 2020 growing season ends so does the weekly USDA Crop Progress reports. According to the USDA this week’s update will be the last one issued for 2020. The crop progress reports will resume April 5, 2021.
The only three major national crops remaining to be harvested are cotton, peanuts and sunflowers.
Cotton harvest is pegged at 84 percent, which is 5 points ahead of normal.
Virginia, at 62 percent complete, has the most cotton harvest yet to complete.
In the 8 major peanut producing states, harvest is 96 percent complete, right on the average mark for this time of year.
Sunflower harvest, at 97 percent complete is 10 points ahead of the average.
The biggest story is the condition of the nation’s winter wheat crop which is rated at 46 percent in the good to excellent category, a 3-point improvement from last week. The remainder is rated 36 percent fair and 18 percent poor to very poor.
The Colorado wheat crop is struggling the most with 38 percent rated in the poor to very poor condition.
There were some changes in the topsoil and subsoil moisture readings this week.
Topsoil moisture was rated surplus in 7 percent of the acres (4 percent last week), 55 percent adequate, 25 percent short and 13 percent very short.
Subsoil moisture was rated 6 percent surplus (4 percent last week), 51 percent adequate, 28 percent short and 15 percent very short.
California is suffering the most as their topsoil moisture was rated 70 percent very short and their subsoil moisture was 75 percent very short.
To view the national USDA Crop Progress Report, click here.
For Oklahoma, the winter wheat crop is rated 52 percent good to excellent, 36 percent fair and 12 percent poor to very poor.
Oklahoma’s grain sorghum harvest reached 95 percent, unchanged from the previous year but up 1 point from normal.
Soybeans harvested reached 85 percent, up 4 points from the previous year and up 2 points from normal.
Peanuts harvested reached 95 percent, down 2 points from the previous year but unchanged from normal.
The Oklahoma cotton harvest reached 79 percent, down 1 point from the previous year but up 2 points from normal.
The fifth cutting of alfalfa hay reached 56 percent, up 56 points from the previous year and up 14 points from normal.
The third cutting of other hay reached 75 percent, down 11 points from the previous year but unchanged from normal.
The fourth cutting of other hay reached 50 percent, up 1 point from the previous year but down 7 points from normal.
Oklahoma’s pasture and range conditions were rated 19 percent good to excellent, 51 percent fair and 30 percent poor to very poor.
Oklahoma’s topsoil moisture was rated at 4 percent surplus, (1 percent last week and 9 percent a year ago), 53 percent adequate, 40 percent short and 3 percent very short (6 percent last week and 5 percent year ago).
Subsoil moisture was rated at 2 percent surplus (1 percent last week and 3 percent year ago), 48 percent adequate, 49 percent short and 1 percent very short (4 percent last week and 5 percent year ago).
To view the Oklahoma report, click here.
For Kansas, the winter wheat crop condition was rated 33 percent good to excellent, 45 percent fair and 22 percent poor to very poor.
Winter wheat emerged was 95 percent, near 91 percent compare to last year and 94 percent for the five-year average.
Kansas cotton harvest was 62 percent complete, behind 69 percent last year, and near 63 percent average.
Kansas topsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent surplus, 48 percent adequate, 35 percent short and 16 percent very short.
Subsoil moisture supplies rated 1 percent surplus, 41 percent adequate, 39 percent short and 19 percent very short.
To view the Kansas report, click here.
For Texas, winter wheat seeding continued in areas of the High Plains, the Cross Timbers and the Upper Coast.
Winter wheat fields were in need of moisture in many areas of the state, as soil moisture continued to decline.
Some emerged small grains in the Blacklands and Southern Low Plains continued to progress.
The Texas winter wheat crop was rated 32 percent good to excellent, 34 percent fair and 34 percent poor to very poor.
Texas cotton harvest neared completion in areas of the Northern High Plains and the Edwards Plateau.
Disastered cotton fields were being shredded in some areas of the Low Plains.
An early freeze appeared to have caused lower than expected yields in areas of the Southern Low Plains.
Corn and sorghum residue was being plowed in areas of the Blacklands.
Pecan harvest continued in areas of the Edwards Plateau and South-Central Texas while harvest neared completion in areas of the Cross Timbers.
Texas citrus and sugarcane harvest continued while winter vegetables progressed in areas of the Lower Valley.
Supplemental feeding continued in most areas of the state.
Stock tank levels continued to decline in some areas of the Cross Timbers, the Blacklands, and South Texas.
Feral hogs continued to be a problem in areas of North East Texas. Pasture conditions were rated fair to poor.
Texas topsoil moisture was rated 11 percent surplus, 28 percent adequate, 40 percent short and 21 percent very short.
Texas subsoil moisture supplies as a percentage of the acreage were rated at 10 percent surplus, 27 percent adequate, 43 percent short and 20 percent very short.
To view the Texas report, click here.
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