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Agricultural News

USW Weekly Harvest Report for July 16, 2021

Fri, 16 Jul 2021 09:31:04 CDT

USW Weekly Harvest Report for July 16, 2021 Despite delays due to rain and humidity, HRW harvest is 38% complete in sampled states with 266 samples in the lab for testing. The SRW harvest is 90% complete and sample collection has ended. The PNW continues to trend hot and dry as harvest picks up pace; the first SW samples are being delivered to the lab this week. The HRS crop continues to mature at a faster than normal pace as the region struggles with prolonged drought. The northern durum growing region also needs rain.

USDA estimates winter wheat production at 1.36 billion bushels (37.1 MMT), an increase of 16% from last year and up 4% from June; spring wheat production is estimated at 345 million bushels (9.4 MMT), a 41% decrease from 2020; and durum production is forecast at 37.2 million bushels (1.0 MMT), a 46% decrease from last year.

Click here to read this weeks full Harvest Report.


Crop Progress: Harvest progress remains behind average in the southern and central Great Plains, while the northern
Great Plains and PNW are ahead of the 5-year average due to widespread drought conditions and record high
temperatures. Overall, 38% of the sampling area is harvested. USDA estimates that HRW production will be 805 mil bu
(21.9 MMT), a 22% increase over last year and up 4% from the June forecast.

Crop Conditions: Industry sources are reporting average to good test weights though it trends lower in areas that
experienced drought and/or above average temperatures during grain fill. The lack of moisture and heat continues to
stress the crop in the northern and PNW growing regions.

Weather: The southern and central Great Plains continue to experience scattered precipitation (rain and hailstorms) and
high humidity. Hot weather and minimal to no precipitation are forecast for the northern Great Plains and PNW as forest
fires continue.

Wheat Data: There are 266 samples from Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and Nebraska in various stages of testing.
Test weights are averaging 61.4 lb/bu (80.7 kg/hl) but trending lower in drought areas or where rain has slowed harvest.
Average protein increased significantly this week with samples from western Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas.


Crop Progress: Harvest is winding down with approximately 10% of the sampled crop remaining. USDA estimates that
SRW production will be 362 mil bu (9.9 MMT), a 36% increase over last year and up 8% from the June forecast.

Weather: Much of the growing region experienced precipitation this past week causing minor harvest delays.

Wheat Data: Sampling has been completed with the remaining samples to arrive in the lab this week. Testing has been
completed on 230 samples from across the region with little to no change in overall data. Falling number value is slightly
lower than 2020 but is recovering with samples from drier areas. Of the 17 sampling areas completed, all but one graded
at U.S. No 2 or better.

Flour Data: Samples from Virginia and Illinois continue the trend of slightly lower milling yield and slightly higher flour ash.
Farinograph absorption was higher in western Illinois samples this year, but lower in western Virginia samples. Bread
volume and cookie W/T for these two areas was slightly higher or equal to 2020.


Crop Progress: Winter wheat harvest is well underway with Oregon at 18%, Idaho 11% and Washington 15%. USDA
estimates SW winter production at 181 mil bu (4.9 MMT), a 23% decrease from last year, and SW spring at 30.8 mil bu
(0.8 MMT), a 32% decrease from last year.

Crop Conditions: USDA crop conditions decreased again this week with only 14% of the PNW soft white crop rated good
to excellent. Preliminary reports from industry sources indicate below average yields and that protein in earlier planted
and drought-stricken areas is trending higher while protein in irrigated fields is tending lower.

Weather: The region continues to experience 100F+ (38C+) temperatures. The compounding factors of drought, heat
and forest fires are stressing the crop.

Crop Progress: The HRS crop continues to head out (80%) at a faster pace than normal. USDA currently estimates HRS
production at 305 mil bu (8.3 MMT), a 42% decrease from last year.

Crop Conditions: Crop conditions for the major HRS producing states held steady this week with 16% in good to excellent
condition. Producers report some fields look good, depending on planting date and moisture received; however,
compounding pressures from drought and heat, is expected to deliver below average yields and above average protein.

Diseases/Pest Pressure: Grasshoppers and sawfly have been noted and are being monitored.

Weather: Widespread rain and cooler temperatures last week helped stabilize the crop, but above average temperatures
with little to no precipitation are forecast.



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