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Agricultural News

Hard Red Winter Wheat Harvest Report-Harvest Expected to Accelerate with Hot Temps

Fri, 17 Jun 2022 09:05:59 CDT

Hard Red Winter Wheat Harvest Report-Harvest Expected to Accelerate with Hot Temps Hotter Temps are expected to accelerate the HRW Wheat Harvest as temperatures trend hot. SRW harvest pace is picking up with combines rolling in seven states. The first analysis of 23 HRW and 25 SRW samples are available this week. HRS and northern durum planting is wrapped up, but development is lagging in North Dakota and Minnesota. The SW crop is 2 to 3 weeks delayed but in good condition. USDA estimates winter wheat production at 1.18 billion bushels (32.2 MMT), a decrease of 7% from last year; spring and durum wheat production estimates are expected in July.


  Crop Progress: The 2022 HRW harvest is in full swing from Texas to southern Kansas, with Texas 61% complete, Oklahoma 58% and Kansas 7%. USDA estimates that HRW production will be 582 mil bu (15.8 MMT), a 22% decrease from last year and down 1% from the May forecast.

  Crop Conditions: USDA's HRW crop conditions are up slightly with 35% of the HRW crop rated good to excellent. In Texas and Oklahoma, early reports indicate average dryland yields from 20 bu/ac (1.3 tons/ha) to 30 bu/ac (2.0 tons/ha), average test weights between 59 and 60 lb/bu (77.6 and 78.9 kg/hl), and average protein above 12.5% (12% mb).

  Wheat Data: The first 23 samples are from Texas and Oklahoma. Currently, very early data indicate moisture is lower than last year while protein is higher and test weight remains the same.

  Weather: Harvest in the Southern Plains is moving fast because an extreme heat wave is pushing the crop to maturity.

  Disease/Pest Pressure: Isolated reports of disease and pest pressures have been noted, including wheat streak mosaic, barley yellow dwarf, stripe rust and sawfly. Quality issues are being closely monitored.


  Crop Progress: The SRW harvest is well underway from Alabama to North Carolina. Harvest is expected to begin in Maryland this weekend and in Kentucky and Indiana next week. Recent wind and heavy rain will likely delay the Ohio harvest. USDA estimates that SRW production will be 358 mil bu (9.7 MMT), a 1% decrease from last year but up 1% from the May forecast.

  Crop Conditions: USDA crop conditions ratings are holding steady, ranging from 61% good to excellent in Virginia to 91% in Maryland, with an overall average of 75% good to excellent.

  Wheat Data: Very early data from the first samples taken from North Carolina are available this week. Testing isunderway with samples from Alabama and Arkansas; the first samples from Missouri are expected next week.

  Weather: Much of the growing region experienced widespread storms with heavy rain, damaging winds, humidity,and hot temperatures. There is a chance of severe storms through the weekend.


  Crop Progress: The PNW SW winter crop is now 52% headed and the spring crop is 6%. State representatives note that the crop is 2-3 weeks behind normal. USDA estimates SW winter production at 226 mil bu (6.2 MMT), a 54% increase from last year; the SW spring estimate is expected in July.

  Crop Conditions: Latest NASS report rates the winter crop at 76% good to excellent in Washington, 74% in Idaho and 67% in Oregon. Spring crop ratings are 79% good to excellent in Idaho, 56% in Oregon and 81% in Washington.

  Weather: Recent precipitation continues to boost topsoil moisture, but the cool, wet weather has slowed crop development.

  Disease/Pest Pressure: With continued precipitation, producers are managing the crop to prevent stripe rust


  Crop Progress: After a challenging spring, HRS planting is all but complete with producers seeding the last fields in North Dakota and Minnesota. The U.S. HRS crop is now 96% planted and 78% emerged.

  Crop Conditions: According to USDA, 49% of the U.S. crop is rated in good to excellent condition. Crop condition ratings range from 15% good to excellent in Montana to 67% in North Dakota. With the delayed planting in North Dakota and Minnesota, late planted field conditions will be a concern as temperatures trend hot.

  Weather: Record-breaking temperatures are forecast, pushing crop development


Hard Red Winter Wheat Harvest Report-Harvest Expected to Accelerate with Hot Temps


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