Oklahoma's Latest Farm
And Ranch News

Wednesday, March 1, 2023

Howdy Neighbors!

Here is your daily Oklahoma farm and ranch news update. 


  • Taking a Look at Results from Pre-Plant Nitrogen Versus In-Season on Wheat Crops

  • Inside Look at Farm-to-Consumer Beef Production in Israel

  • Record Entries- Again- as the Oklahoma Youth Expo Opens a Ten Day Run Next Week

  • Bullard bill to help state better monitor medical marijuana industry’s water usage

  • OSU’s Kim Anderson on USDA Ag Outlook Forum and Price Expectations

  • Producers Urged to Complete the Census of Agriculture to Help Influence Ag for Years to Come

  • Replacement Heifer Dynamics with OSU’s Derrell Peel

  • NCBA Calls Again for Immediate Halt to Brazilian Beef Imports

  • Board of Directors Selected for the Oklahoma Cattlemen’s Foundation

Taking a Look at Results from Pre-Plant Nitrogen Versus In-Season on Wheat Crops

At the OGI Wheat Meeting, Farm Director, KC Sheperd had the opportunity to visit with Oklahoma State University Extension Specialist for Precision Nutrient Management, Brian Arnall. Sheperd and Arnall talk about researching the impact of nitrogen application on pre-planting.

“That data is over the last seven to ten years, and we are combining all my research to look at the value of pre-plant nitrogen versus everything in season,” Arnall said. “That means everything in February, March or April applied nitrogen-wise.”

In the study, which consisted of over 100 trials, Arnall said it was discovered that pre-planting nitrogen was better yielding than planting in season only a handful of times.

“The all-in season was better about 30 percent of the time, meaning that by waiting until February, March or April to apply the nitrogen, I was increasing yield 33 percent of the time over the pre-plant,” Arnall said.

Another big win, Arnall said is that 60 to 70 percent of the time, the in-season was better protein-wise, with increases of over ten percent.

“Never once did pre-plant nitrogen have better protein,” Arnall said. “It is just because we are running out of nitrogen when we plant that early.”

Click here to read more and listen to Brian Arnall talking about his wheat research
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Inside Look at Farm-to-Consumer Beef Production in Israel

During the OALP Class XX trip to Israel, I got the chance to visit with David Ankowe and Yair Ben Perez of the Moshav Eliyad about beef cattle operations in Israel.

The Moshav Eliyad sells beef from the farm and straight to the consumer in-store and online. They have their own butcher shop and restaurant in the Moshav Cooperative.

The Moshav Eliyad is a cooperative farmers’ village invented in Israel in the early part of the 20th century. As opposed to the more communal kibbutz, the members of the moshav preserve a relatively large degree of economic autonomy, but they do share various elements of mutual assistance.

David Ankowe, the Beef Grower Manager of the Moshav Eliyad, said the Moshav Eliyad cattle herd is built primarily around the British and Continental breeds.

They send their cattle to a slaughterhouse in Haifa, once per week, that follows Kosher laws, performs inspections, and has a veterinarian. Kosher laws only allow Jews to eat the front half of the cow, from the 13th thoracic vertebra forward, because the back half has large veins. The secular community will eat the back half. If they try to remove all the large veins, they lose 60% of the meat, but we were told that they can cut away certain tendons, and the Rabbi will then certify the remainder as kosher.

Click here to read more and listen to David Ankowe and Yair Ben Perez about beef cattle operations at the Moshav Eliyad

Another Record for OYE Entries as 2023 Show Opens Its Doors Next Week

The stage is set for the 2023 Oklahoma Youth Expo coming up March 6th through the 17th at the Oklahoma City Fairgrounds. Kass Newell, Executive Vice President of the Oklahoma Youth Expo says “the entries are up again at the OYE by around 4,000 entries when you total everything together, which is incredible.” She adds “it’s the biggest jump that I have ever seen for OYE.”

She adds “to no surprise, the hogs are up the most of anything again this year for both gilts and barrows.” Over eighteen thousand gilts and barrows have been entered for the 2023 event.

Kass says she is especially excited about the big jump in entries for the Ag Mechanics contest- up 117 entries from 2022 to 269 for this year- and they have rented extra space to accommodate the much larger contest. This is the fourth year for the Ag Mechanics contest at OYE- Superintendent Jerry Renshaw has expected continued growth- and that is the case in a big way this year.

I talked with Kass Newell about the record breaking numbers, the expansion of the Ag Mechanics Show and the Construction that has now begun on the new coliseum on the grounds- you can see the species breakdown on numbers and hear our conversation by clicking on the blue button below.

Click here to read more and listen to our visit with Kass about how the 2023 OYE is shaping up 
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For our farmers who have either- always have had cotton on their farms- or those who have more recently have added the fiber crop to their operations- we have a daily report heard on several of our Radio Stations- It's Called Cotton Talk!

Click on the Button below to listen to our most recent report
Click here for our Latest Cotton Talk- Hosted by KC Sheperd

Bullard bill to help state better monitor medical marijuana industry’s water usage

The Senate Finance Committee approved legislation Monday clarifying that medical marijuana is not an “agricultural product” and therefore does not qualify for the state’s agricultural sales tax exemption. Sen. David Bullard, R-Durant, said Senate Bill 133 is needed to clarify marijuana’s status and to help the state be able to better track the industry’s water usage.   

“In 2018, Oklahoma voters approved State Question 788, but they did not vote to allow medical marijuana to be exempt from the agriculture sales tax. While growers are not using the tax exemption, the law still needs to be clarified because the water usage of industries that do get the exemption can’t be monitored by the state,” Bullard said. “Marijuana grows use a lot of water and are causing problems for smaller, rural communities, so it’s imperative that the state, our municipalities, and counties know exactly how much is being pulled for future planning and to protect local water sources.”

Currently, agriculture products produced in Oklahoma and sold from or at a farm, orchard, or garden directly to consumers are provided a sales tax exemption. SB 133 would clarify that growing, processing, and harvesting medical marijuana would not qualify as an “agricultural product” as is defined for the agricultural sales tax exemption.

SB 133 now moves to the Senate floor for further debate.

We invite you to listen to us on great radio stations across the region on the Radio Oklahoma Ag Network weekdays-

if you missed this morning's Farm News - or you are in an area where you can't hear it- click below for this morning's Farm news from Ron Hays and KC Sheperd on RON.
Listen to our Morning Farm and Ranch News with KC Sheperd
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OSU’s Kim Anderson on USDA Ag Outlook Forum and Price Expectations

The following is a write-up from OSU Extension Grain Marketing Specialist, Kim Anderson, on the USDA’s 99th Annual Outlook Forum:

At the USDA 99th Annual Outlook Forum, the 2023/24 marketing year major crop supply and demand estimates were released. Probably the most useful estimates were the average annual prices.

The 2023/24 marketing year average prices were $8.50 for wheat, $5.60 for corn, $12.90 for soybeans and 80 cents for cotton.

During the last 10 years, Oklahoma wheat prices have averaged six percent less than U.S. wheat prices. This implies that Oklahoma’s 2023/24 marketing year average wheat price is projected to average about $8. Wheat may be forward contracted for 2023 harvest delivery in Medford Oklahoma for $7.60. Southern Oklahoma’s 2023 harvest forward contract price is about 40 cents less than the Medford price.

Oklahoma average annual corn prices average four percent less than U.S. average annual prices. This implies that 2023/24 marketing year corn prices will average about

$5.38. Corn may be forward contracted for 2023 harvest delivery in Pond Creek Oklahoma for $5.50. The Oklahoma Panhandle harvest forward contact price is $6.30.

Click here to read more from Kim Anderson on the USDA's Annual Outlook Forum

Producers Urged to Complete the Census of Agriculture to Help Influence Ag for Years to Come

KC Sheperd, Farm Director, is visiting with Troy Marshall with USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service, talking about the Census of Agriculture.

The Census of Agriculture, taken only once every five years, looks at land use and ownership, operator characteristics, production practices, income, and expenditures. For America’s farmers and ranchers, the Census of Agriculture is their voice, their future, and their opportunity.

The census has been sent out, Marshall said, and the first due date was on February 6. Reminders are being sent out through the mail now, he added, for those individuals who have not responded to the questionnaire.

This year, Marshall said many individuals have been completing the survey online instead of sending it back in the mail. Marshall said he has received feedback that the questionnaire is easier online because you can select the information that applies to you and skip the rest.

The online version also sums up all of the totals and helps with completion, Marshall said, by pointing out something that may be off.

For those who have questions about the questionnaire, Marshall said there is a number provided on the census for customer service.

Click here to read more and listen to Troy Marshall talk about the Ag Census

Replacement Heifer Dynamics with OSU’s Derrell Peel

Dr. Derrell Peel, Oklahoma State University Extension Livestock Marketing Specialist, offers his economic analysis of the beef cattle industry as part of the weekly series known as the “Cow Calf Corner” published electronically by Dr. Peel and Mark Johnson. Today, Dr. Peel talks about beef replacement heifer numbers.

Drought-accelerated herd liquidation the past two years has made the beef cow herd the smallest in 61 years. With continuing drought conditions, it is uncertain when, but it is certain that there will strong interest in rebuilding the herd whenever conditions permit. Leaving aside the question of more drought, what is possible in 2023 given current availability of replacement heifers?

The number of beef replacement heifers on January 1, 2023 was 5.16 million head, down 5.8 percent year over year. This follows a 5.5 percent year over year decrease in 2022. Beef replacement heifers represented 17.9 percent of the beef cow herd on January 1, the lowest proportion of beef replacement heifers since 2012. Beef replacement heifers average 18.4 percent of the beef cow herd, and during the last herd expansion, beef replacements reached a cyclical peak level of 21.0 percent of the beef cow herd. The reported inventory of beef replacement heifers consists of bred heifers and heifer calves in development for breeding.

For the past 23 years, USDA-NASS has provided a total number of the beef replacement heifers that will calve in the current year. These bred heifers typically make up about 61 percent of the total beef replacements. The number of bred heifers on January 1, 2023 was 3.17 million head, 61.4 percent of the total beef replacement heifers. The number of bred heifers on January 1 was down 5.1 percent year over year and was the lowest beef bred heifer total since 2011. This follows a 4.8 percent year over decrease in bred heifers in 2021.   

Click here to read more from Derrell  Peel on beef replacement heifer numbers

NCBA Calls Again for Immediate Halt to Brazilian Beef Imports

Last week, Brazil reported another atypical case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) to the World Animal Organization for Animal Health (WOAH). That report indicated 35 days elapsed between when the case was first identified on January 18, 2023, and the date it was confirmed on February 22, 2023. This represents an unacceptable delay that is in clear violation of WOAH reporting requirements. The National Cattlemen's Beef Association contends that it is clear that Brazil is incapable of prompt testing and the reporting requirements that all nations must follow when engaging in international beef trade.

Because of a repeated pattern of delayed reporting, NCBA is calling on Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack to take immediate action to indefinitely suspend beef imports from Brazil until it has made systemic reforms and takes necessary steps to restore confidence in the nation’s ability to participate in the global beef supply.

“We have seen Brazil repeatedly fail to meet the 24 hour requirement for reporting of animal diseases listed by WOAH. In order to protect the safety and security of the U.S. herd, and American cattle producers, we demand USDA take immediate steps to block further beef imports from Brazil,” said NCBA president and South Dakota cattleman Todd Wilkinson. “Furthermore, we expect USDA to keep the border closed to Brazil until they can demonstrate that they are willing and able to play by the trade rules that govern all other nations. If they can’t play by the rules, they don’t deserve access. Secretary Vilsack needs to act now, rather than kicking the can down the road.”

Read the full release from NCBA on the Brazilian BSE Status

Board of Directors Selected for the Oklahoma Cattlemen’s Foundation

An elite group of Oklahoma agriculturalists have been selected to represent and advise the Oklahoma Cattlemen’s Foundation as the first Board of Directors and Executive Committee. The board will direct the Foundation on general policies, have the power to accept contributions for announced and specific purposes, enter into any necessary contracts or agreements on behalf of the Foundation, act as trustee for the Foundation’s policies, plans and all its undertakings, and employ staff to assist in the implementation of the goals and overall success of the Foundation.

The Board of Directors consist of John Redman; Durant, Chancey Hanson; Waynoka, Sarah Armitage; Claremore, Brady Sidwell; Enid, Alex Morcom; Marlow, Mark Holder; Altus, Board Chair, Kelli Payne; Mustang, Executive Committee Members, Tyler Norvell; Tuttle, Ford Drummond; Pawhuska, OCA President Byron Yeoman; Dover, and Executive Treasurer Michael Kelsey; Tecumseh.

“I am looking forward to communicating the significance of the Foundation both as a legacy and as a resource for future generations,” said Kelli Payne, Board Chairman. “The board is excited to kick off a capital campaign, provide additional scholarships for our youth, and provide more education anywhere we can.”

“The Board of Directors selected are a not only an impressive and accomplished group of individuals, but they also understand the importance of the Foundation,” said Mariah Reimer OCF Executive Director. “They will push the Foundation to a new level of success to be a strong long-term partner for OCA and the entire cattle industry. I am thrilled to get to work with them and make a lasting impact on the state,” Reimer said.

Click here to read more about the OCF Board of Directors
Let's Check The Markets!
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Ron on RON Markets as heard on K101  
mornings with cash and futures reviewed- includes where the Cash Cattle market stands, the latest Feeder Cattle Markets Etc.
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Wholesale Boxed Beef Prices were higher- Choice Beef was up 61 cents and Select Beef was unchanged on Tuesday 02/28/2023.

Click on the Button below for the latest report from USDA Market News

Boxed Beef Report

Oklahoma National Stockyards had a final count of 8.082 head on Monday, February 27th..

Compared to last week: Feeder steers steady to 2.00 higher. Feeder heifers 2.00-5.00 higher. Steer calves mostly steady. Heifer calves

3.00-5.00 higher, 400-500 lbs. up to 15.00 higher. Demand is good. Quality is above average.

Click below for the complete closing report.

Oklahoma National Stockyards Market Report from 02/27/2023

OKC West in El Reno had a calf run of 2,300 on Tuesday, February 28th.

Compared to last week's sharply higher market: Steer calves traded mostly steady with exception of few light weight steers under 450 lbs as much as 6.00 higher. Heifer calves sold fully 2.00-4.00 higher. Demand remains very good for grazing cattle. Cooler temperatures and rainfall is in the forecast later in the week.

Click on the button below for details of the trade as compiled by the USDA Market News Service.

OKC West in El Reno Calf Market Report from 2/28/2023
Each afternoon we are posting a recap of that day's markets as analyzed by Justin Lewis of KIS futuresclick below for the latest update on the Livestock and Grain Futures Trade..
Click Here to Listen to Justin's Commentary From 02/28/2023
Okla Cash Grain:  
Daily Oklahoma Cash Grain Prices- as reported by the Oklahoma Dept. of Agriculture- The report available after the close of the Futures Trade for that day.
Read  Cash Grains Report from 2/28/2023
Our Daily Market Wrapup from the Radio Oklahoma Ag Network - analyzing the Futures Markets for that trading day- as reported by KC Sheperd.
Click to Listen to Our Weekday Wrap with KC
Slaughter Cattle Recap: 
The National Daily Slaughter Cattle Summary- as prepared by the USDA Market News
Read Report
TCFA Feedlot Recap:  
Finally, here is the Daily Volume and Price Summary from the Texas Cattle Feeders Association.
Read Report
Our Oklahoma Farm Report Team!!!!
Ron Hays, Senior Farm/Ranch Broadcaster and Editor
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Rural Oklahoma is full of some of the greatest success stories throughout the entire state and is a big reason why Oklahoma is on track to become a top 10 state. 

The Road to Rural Prosperity dives into these stories, bringing you stories covering rural life, agriculture, energy, healthcare, tourism, and politics affecting rural America. 

The Road to Rural Prosperity is here to tell stories about rural America, for rural America.

Oklahoma Farm Report's Ron Hays talks regenerative agriculture and ranching with Jimmy Emmons. Jimmy is a long time resident of Leedey, OK. He is the third generation on the family farm in Dewey County. He and his wife Ginger have been farming and ranching together since 1980. They have a diverse 2000 acre cropping operation growing wheat, soybeans, sesame, sunflowers, irrigated dairy alfalfa hay, canola, grain sorghum and several cover crops for seed.
Jimmy has been monitoring soil health with soil testing since 2011 utilizing cover crops to enhance soil health.

Jimmy and Ginger also have a 250 cow/calf herd and take in yearling cattle for custom grazing on the nearly 6000 acres of native range. Ginger is the primary cattle manager in the operation. The Emmons’ utilize an adaptive multi-paddock grazing system on their range and forages grown on crop ground. They use the system to keep the native grasses and soils healthy, maximize biological diversity and optimize animal health.

As Jimmy Says- Long Live the Soil!

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To hear this podcast, you can click here or tap below:
Listen to Episode 84 with Ron Hays talking Soil Health in a time of Drought with Jimmy Emmons
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