Oklahoma's Latest Farm

And Ranch News

Thursday, April 25, 2024

Howdy Neighbors!

Here is Your Daily Oklahoma Farm and Ranch News Update: 


  • Derrell Peel Sees Early Indicators of Heifer Retention in Latest Cattle On Feed Report

  • USDA Actions to Protect Livestock Health From Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza

  • Introducing Kaylee McAlister of the Stillwater FFA Chapter, Your 2024 Central Area Star in Agriscience

  • Kaput Feral Hog Bait Approved as State Restricted Use Pesticide in Oklahoma

  • Oklahoma Historical Society to host “Spring at the Farm”

  • Match Forage Flow with Livestock Nutritional Needs to Increase Ranch Profitability

  • Express Ranches – Grass Time Sale – 04/26/2024 – Yukon, Oklahoma

Derrell Peel Sees Early Indicators of Heifer Retention in Latest Cattle On Feed Report

I am back talking with Oklahoma State University Livestock Economist Dr. Derrell Peel about heifer numbers in the April Cattle on Feed Report released on April 19, 2024.

At the start of the year, the U.S. all-cattle inventory was 87.15 million head, the smallest total inventory since 1951. The beef cow numbers are also historically small. On January 1st, the estimate was 28.22 million head, down 2.5 percent year over year—basically the smallest beef cow herd number since 1961.

Peel’s analysis of the latest Cattle on Feed Report suggests a potentially significant trend that ranchers may be retaining some heifers. This could have a notable impact on the cattle industry.

“I have expected to see these feedlot inventories fall faster than they have, and everything we have just described says the feedlots have been successful up to this point at offsetting the fact that cattle numbers are smaller with other means,” Peel said. “I think as we go forward, it is going to be harder for them to do that.”

To view the April USDA Cattle on Feed Report, CLICK HERE.

Click here to read more and listen to Dr. Derrel Peel give his analysis on heifer retention based on the latest Cattle on Feed Report.

Sponsor Spotlight

Oklahoma AgCredit supports rural Oklahoma with reliable and consistent credit, today and tomorrow. We offer loans for land, livestock, equipment, operating costs and country homes (NMLSR #809962) to farmers, ranchers and rural businesses across 60 counties. As a cooperative, we are owned by the members we serve. Through our Patronage Program, we have returned more than $74 million to our members since 1997.

For more information on our services or to find a location near you, visit our website here.


USDA Actions to Protect Livestock Health From Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza

To further protect the U.S. livestock industry from the threat posed by highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza, USDA is sharing a number of actions that we are taking with our federal partners to help us get ahead of this disease and limit its spread. 

Mandatory Testing for Interstate Movement of Dairy Cattle

Mandatory Reporting

The novel movement of H5N1 between wild birds and dairy cows requires further testing and time to develop a critical understanding to support any future courses of action. This Federal Order is critical to increasing the information available for USDA. Requiring positive test reporting will help USDA better under this disease and testing before interstate movement will limit its spread.  

While we are taking this action today, it is important to remember that thus far, we have not found changes to the virus that would make it more transmissible to humans and between people. While cases among humans in direct contact with infected animals are possible, our partners at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) believe that the current risk to the public remains low. 

Click here to read more about new USDA actions to protect livestock from highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza.

Introducing Kaylee McAlister of the Stillwater FFA Chapter, Your 2024 Central Area Star in Agriscience

This morning, our coverage of the 2024 Oklahoma FFA Star Award Finalists continues with Agriscience competitor Kaylee McAlister of the Stillwater FFA chapter representing the Central Area.

Farm Director KC Sheperd interviewed all 18 Star finalists recently in Stillwater after they were judged in their respective areas- and you can hear KC talk with Kaylee by clicking on the blue button at the bottom of this story.

“My project that I am most inspired by is my lubricant projects that I have conducted,” McAlister said.

When it comes to the best lubricant product for clipping blades used for livestock, McAlister said she found that petroleum-based products work the best as opposed to ethanol-based products. Based on her lubricant project, McAlister said she created a second project that tested how much bacterial growth takes place on livestock clippers.

“That one has the exact opposite outcome,” McAlister said. “I actually found out that ethanol-based products worked better on killing all of the bacteria due to the fact they are mainly from alcohol.”

McAlister said clipper blades can exceed 108 degrees in eight minutes, so it is critical to reapply the lubricant. For her final project, McAlister studied the most common types of bacteria that grow on livestock clippers.

Following high school graduation, McAlister said she plans to pursue a major in agriculture.

Our coverage of the Stars and the 2024 State FFA Convention is powered by Hilliary Communications.

Visit our websiteClick here to listen to KC Sheperd talk with Kaylee McAlister about her achievement as the Central Area Star in Agriscience.
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For our farmers who have either- always have had cotton on their farms- or those who have more recently have added the fiber crop to their operations- we have a daily report heard on several of our Radio Stations- It's Called Cotton Talk!

Click on the Button below to listen to our most recent report
Click here for our Latest Cotton Talk- Hosted by KC Sheperd

The latest news from the Oklahoma State Capitol is available daily on the Radio Oklahoma News Network.

Click on the blue button to hear from our State Capitol Reporter Albert Castellanos.

Click here for the latest report from the State Capitol on RON

Kaput Feral Hog Bait Approved as State Restricted Use Pesticide in Oklahoma

The Oklahoma State Board of Agriculture voted to approve Kaput Feral Hog Bait as a state restricted use pesticide Wednesday.

Kaput Feral Hog Bait can be applied by those who are licensed in one of the three following categories: Bird and Vertebrate Animal Pests, Agricultural Plant, or private applicator. Feral swine are a non-native invasive species in Oklahoma that are detrimental to the state’s natural resources, agriculture production, and a disease risk.

The Oklahoma Cattlemen’s Association responded quickly after the meeting- “Feral swine are responsible for extensive damage to land and water resources, harboring and transmitting diseases and perhaps even changing the wildlife landscape by pushing out other species. Oklahoma needs as many tools as possible to address the growing problem of feral swine. OCA greatly appreciates ODAFF approval of KAPUT. We look forward working with ODAFF and the manufacturer for the responsible roll out of the product.”

Kaput was initially licensed in Texas for Feral Hog control- click here for more details from the company website.

A Texas A&M study in 2023 found that this product can be effective when used correctly. “We found that the product had the ability to control feral hogs when applicators adhered to best practices, consistent with, but modified from, manufacturer instructions. In situations where applicators diligently followed our protocol, lethality of 100% was achieved among feral hogs visiting the bait site.” Click here for the complete study on this warfarin based product.

We invite you to listen to us on great radio stations across the region on the Radio Oklahoma Ag Network weekdays-

if you missed this morning's Farm News - or you are in an area where you can't hear it- click below for this morning's Farm news from Ron Hays and KC Sheperd on RON.
Listen to our latest Farm and Ranch News for Thursday with KC Sheperd
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Sponsor Spotlight

Oklahoma Farm Bureau works to improve the lives of all Oklahomans by supporting our state’s agriculture community. As Oklahoma’s largest general farm organization led by Oklahoma farmers and ranchers, OKFB takes grassroots values and advocates for agriculture at the state Capitol and in Washington, D.C., to ensure our way of life continues for generations to come. Farm Bureau hosts leadership events, supports our state’s agricultural youth and connects consumers with agriculture in order to build a brighter future for our state. Become an OKFB member today online at okfarmbureau.org/join. Together, we are rural Oklahoma.

Oklahoma Historical Society to host “Spring at the Farm”

Farm Director KC Sheperd recently had the chance to talk with Sue Teska, the Senior Historical Interpreter of the Oklahoma Historical Society and the site director at Hunter’s Home in Park Hill, about museums and historical sites throughout the state, and the upcoming Spring on the Farm event set for May 4th.

“We have a lot of field sites within the historical society,” Teska said.

Teska talked with Sheperd about the abundance of museums across the state and said that by joining the Oklahoma Historical Society, individuals can earn free admission.

Coming up, Teska talked about “Spring on the Farm,” an 1850s living history farm, which is also the only living history site in the state of Oklahoma. Spring on the Farm will take place on May 4th from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. at Hunter’s Home in Park Hill, Oklahoma.

“We are going to be celebrating what would have been happening on a farm in the spring after waking up from the winter and starting farming processes again,” Teska said.

During Spring on the Farm, there will be sheep shearing of Merino sheep, processing of sheep wool, talks about bees, cooking demonstrations, crafts and story time for children, gardening and more!

Click here to read more and listen to KC Sheperd talk with Sue Teska about Oklahoma Historical Society.

Match Forage Flow with Livestock Nutritional Needs to Increase Ranch Profitability

If you’re having to supplement your livestock’s nutrition four to five months out of the year, imagine what reducing those costs by even a small margin could do for the bottom line. Wells recommends taking a new look at the timing of breeding and calving/lambing/kidding seasons in order to optimize nutrition from grazing.

Charting forage flow on paper may offer a clear visual of key factors for consideration. Many ranchers carry this information in their heads, but committing it to paper can create a powerful visual tool that can benefit even the most seasoned rancher.

Next, chart the peaks and valleys of your animals’ nutritional needs throughout the year, starting with your traditional calving/lambing/kidding season in mind. The animal’s highest nutritional requirements coincide with peak lactation needs. For cattle, that’s two to three months after calving; for sheep and goats, it’s four to six weeks post-partum. It also can be breeding season if you are trying to keep cows on an annual calving interval.

Click here to read more about aligning forage flow with livestock nutritional needs.

Seminar Demonstrates New Applications for Alternative U.S. Beef Cuts in Taiwan

The U.S. is Taiwan’s dominant supplier of chilled beef; USMEF continues promoting alternative cuts to importers and their end-user customers in retail, foodservice.

USMEF is working to defend U.S. beef’s share of Taiwan’s market, currently affected by tight supplies, inflationary pressures and increased competition. Fifty-nine Taiwanese beef importers recently attended a USMEF seminar to discuss supply issues, beef quality attributes and alternative cut options for U.S. beef. Three member suppliers also participated.

Per capita annual beef consumption continues rising in Taiwan, reaching a record 9.1 kg. (carcass weight equivalent) in 2023, up 2% from the previous record in 2022.

Consumption is up 17% from 2018 and 55% from 2013, per USMEF estimates based on data from USDA and Trade Data Monitor.

The U.S. remains the dominant supplier in Taiwan’s chilled beef import market with 75% market share in 2023. The U.S. supplies over 90% of grain-fed beef, according to import data from Taiwan.

Read More  About the USMEF's Efforts in Taiwan Here

Express Ranches – Grass Time Sale – 04/26/2024 – Yukon, Oklahoma

Express Ranches is set to host their 2024 Grass Time sale at noon on April 26, 2024 on the ranch in Yukon, Oklahoma. The sale will consist of 500+ head consisting of 150 angus bulls, 15 show angus heifers, 100 commercial fall bred heifers and more! Absentee and live bidding will be offered as well as volume discounts. For more information on the sale, view the information below!

Sale day phone number: 405-350-0044

Click here to view the sale book.

Click here to view the sale videos.

Click here to view the LiveAuctions.tv page where you can watch and bid on Friday.

Click here for the Superior Livestock Grass Time Sale Page.

Click here or on the graphic above to jump to the Express Ranches website for several other tools available for the 2024 Grass Time Sale.

Let's Check The Markets!
OKC West is our Market Links Sponsor- they sell cattle three days a week- Cows on Mondays, Stockers on Tuesday and Feeders on Wednesday- Call 405-262-8800 to learn more.
Today's First Look:
Ron on RON Markets as heard on K101  
mornings with cash and futures reviewed- includes where the Cash Cattle market stands, the latest Feeder Cattle Markets Etc.
Hear Today's First Look

Wholesale Boxed Beef Prices were lower- Choice Beef was down $1.66 and Select Beef was down $2.34 on Wednesday, 4/24/2024.

Click on the Button below for the latest report from USDA Market News

Boxed Beef Report

OKC West in El Reno had 10,700 head on Tuesday and Wednesday of this week.

According to USDA Market News- Compared to last week: Feeder steers sold 5.00-7.00 higher with instances to 10.00 higher on lighter cattle suitable for grazing. Feeder heifers traded 2.00-5.00 higher. Demand remains good to very good despite futures closing in the red. Steer and heifer calves sold 3.00-5.00 higher. Demand good. Quality plain to average, few attractive. Rain and much cooler temperatures are in the forecast for the remainder of the week.

OKC West Manager Bill Barnhart adds these comments from the market's Facebook page- "Despite a volatile futures market and a tough close today the cash feeder market was higher. Lots of nice heavyweight feeders were offered today with an unusually large percentage of heifers. Most cattle sold 2.00-5.00 higher with spots up to 10.00 higher on middle weights suitable to graze. The graze out wheat run is now in full swing and will continue for the next few weeks. Some fat trade reported today at 182, steady with last week."

Click below for the complete closing report.

OKC West in El Reno Market Report from 04/23 and 04/24/2024
Each afternoon we are posting a recap of that day's markets as analyzed by Justin Lewis of KIS futuresclick below for the latest update on the Livestock and Grain Futures Trade..
Click Here to Listen to Justin's Commentary From 4/24/2024
Okla Cash Grain:  
Daily Oklahoma Cash Grain Prices- as reported by the Oklahoma Dept. of Agriculture- The report available after the close of the Futures Trade for that day.
Read  Cash Grains Report from 4/24/2024
Our Daily Market Wrapup from the Radio Oklahoma Ag Network - analyzing the Futures Markets for that trading day- as reported by KC Sheperd.
Click to Listen to Our Weekday Wrap with KC
Slaughter Cattle Recap: 
The National Daily Slaughter Cattle Summary- as prepared by the USDA Market News
Read Report
TCFA Feedlot Recap:  
Finally, here is the Daily Volume and Price Summary from the Texas Cattle Feeders Association.
Read Report
Our Oklahoma Farm Report Team!!!!
Ron Hays, Senior Farm/Ranch Broadcaster and Editor
KC Sheperd, Farm Director and Editor

Dave Lanning, Markets and Production

Reagan Calk, Farm News and Email Editor

Pam Arterburn, Calendar and Template Manager

Podcasts From Oklahoma Farm Report and More

Two of our regular reports are also podcasts that you can subscribe to- Our daily Farm and Ranch News with KC Sheperdavailable here on the Apple Podcast Platform

The second is our daily Beef Buzz with Ron Haysavailable here on the Apple Podcast Platform

Periodically- we offer interviews on our Ag Perspectives Podcast series- this podcast is available here.

Ron has also has a series of podcasts from interviews with newsmakers at the Cattlemen's Congress- Click here or you can find them on your favorite Podcast platform- look for them by searching for Cattlemen's Congress Conversations.

We are making plans to jump back into regular installments of what has been called the Road to Rural Prosperity- a new name and fresh content is in the works- for now- click on the blue button below for one of our favorites that is a timeless classic.

Listen to Episode 86 with Ron Hays talking with one of the legends in the Beef Cattle Business- Bob Drake of Davis, Oklahoma
Listen to Ron
Beef Buzz
Blue Green Gazette
Market Links
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Our thanks to Midwest Farms Shows, P & K Equipment, Oklahoma Farm BureauOklahoma Ag Mediation ProgramGreat Plains KubotaStillwater Milling CompanyNational Livestock Credit CorporationOklahoma Beef CouncilOklahoma AgCredit, the Oklahoma Cattlemens Association, Invenergy Oklahoma and  KIS Futures for their support of our daily Farm News Update.

For your convenience, we have our sponsors' websites linked here- just click on their name to jump to their website- check their sites out and let these folks know you appreciate the support of this daily email, as their sponsorship helps us keep this arriving in your inbox on a regular basis- at NO Charge!

We also appreciate our Market Links Sponsor - OKC West Livestock! 

We invite you to check out our website at the link below too that includes an archive of these daily emails, audio reports and top farm news story links from around the globe.

Head to Our Website OklahomaFarmReport.Com
God Bless!
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