Oklahoma Farm Report masthead graphic with wheat on the left and cattle on the right.
Howdy Neighbors!
Ron Hays, Director of Farm and Ranch Programming, Radio Oklahoma Ag Network  |  2401 Exchange Ave, Suite F, Oklahoma City, Ok 73108  |  (405) 601-9211

advertisements
   
   
   
   
   
   

Agricultural News


Dr. Derrell Peel on How you can Add Value to Your Calves this Fall

Mon, 21 Sep 2020 10:01:40 CDT

Dr. Derrell Peel on How you can Add Value to Your Calves this Fall Mondays, Dr. Derrell Peel, Oklahoma State University Extension Livestock Marketing Specialist, offers his economic analysis of the beef cattle industry. This analysis is a part of the weekly series known as the "Cow Calf Corner" published electronically by Dr. Peel and Dr. Glenn Selk. Today, Dr. Peel talks about how to add value to your calves this fall.

Cow-calf producers can add significant value to calves prior to sale. A careful look at the auction reports reveals the value of calf production and marketing practices.   Hopefully bull calves were castrated at branding time or earlier but, if not, castration should be done in plenty of time for steers to fully heal prior to sale. The most recent Oklahoma combined auction report shows that the average discount for bulls weighing 450-550 pounds was $62/head. The same applies to dehorning if needed. A research study from 2012 showed that horned cattle received a discount of $3.15/cwt. (1). The discount is likely higher in current markets.

Weaned calves bring significant premiums over unweaned calves. The recent auction data shows that weaned steers weighing 450-550 pounds brought an average of $49/head more than steers marked as unweaned. Unweaned heifer calves were discounted an average of $35/head. Weaning at least 45 days is the most common protocol for preconditioning programs and is considered a minimum in today's markets. In the past couple of years, buyers have been observed paying additional premiums for calves weaned 60 days or longer. Part of the weaning process should include training calves to seek feed and eat from bunks.

It is recommended that calves receive two rounds of respiratory and Clostridial vaccines. Calves vaccinated at branding should receive a second round at weaning. Otherwise, vaccinations can be done at least two weeks prior to weaning and again at weaning; or at weaning and at least two weeks after weaning. Producers are encouraged to become certified in Beef Quality Assurance (BQA) standards and to follow BQA practices for preconditioning calves.

Preconditioned calves will have the most value if calves are enrolled in a certified program and marketed in special value-added sales. Buyers pay more consistent premiums when sufficient numbers of similarly managed animals are available at sales. Having invested in preconditioning, cow-calf producers have the best opportunity to capture added value for preconditioned calves by marketing calves at advertised sales that ensure interested buyers are in attendance. Research confirms that vaccinations, weaning and certification all contribute to added value in preconditioning programs (1).

One such certification program is the Oklahoma Quality Beef Network (OQBN). Information on upcoming sales, program requirements and enrollment are available at http://oqbn.okstate.edu/. In the last five years, 400-500 pounds steers certified in the OQBN program have received premiums of $20.19/cwt. and 500-600 pound steers received premiums of $12.59/cwt. Heifers weighing 400-500 pounds received premiums of $12.91/cwt. and 500-600 pound heifers had premiums of $11.93/cwt. Preconditioning calves does mean additional costs for feed, medicine, and labor. Producers should evaluate costs versus returns but positive net returns have become much more consistent and likely in recent years.

(1) Williams, Galen S, Kellie Curry Raper, Eric A. DeVuyst, Derrell Peel and Doug McKinney. (2012) "Determinants of Price Differentials in Oklahoma Value-Added Feeder Cattle Auctions." JARE 37(1):114-127.


   

 

WebReadyTM Powered by WireReady® NSI

 


Top Agricultural News

  • OSU Scientists Helping to Seek Cure for Tuberculosis  Thu, 06 Oct 2022 12:11:40 CDT
  • As Drought Burdens Producers, OSU's JC Hobbs Provides Tax Tips for Farmers and Ranchers  Thu, 06 Oct 2022 11:59:08 CDT
  • Collaboration Will Propel Advancements  Thu, 06 Oct 2022 11:25:27 CDT
  • NCBA Urges EPA to Press Pause on New WOTUS Rulemaking  Thu, 06 Oct 2022 10:32:07 CDT
  • Beef Industry Scholarship Applications Are Now Available for Undergraduate Students  Thu, 06 Oct 2022 10:05:07 CDT
  • Oklahoma Drought Levels Rise in All Categories This Week, But Chance of Rain In Forecast   Thu, 06 Oct 2022 09:43:41 CDT
  • Market Update with Paul Dykstra-Texas Grade Tumbles   Thu, 06 Oct 2022 09:21:23 CDT
  • Best Chance for Rain Shows up in Western Oklahoma and Panhandle Over the Next Week   Thu, 06 Oct 2022 09:03:52 CDT

  • More Headlines...

       

    Ron salutes our daily email sponsors!

    Oklahoma Beef council Oklahoma Ag Credit Oklahoma Farm Bureau National Livestock Credit Ag Mediation Program P&K Equipment Oklahoma City Farm Show Union Mutual Stillwater Milling Oklahoma Cattlemen's Association KIS FUTURES, INC.
       

       

    Search OklahomaFarmReport.com

    © 2008-2022 Oklahoma Farm Report
    Email Ron   |   Newsletter Signup   |    Current Spots   |    Program Links

    WebReady powered by WireReady® Inc.